Chii Chinonzi Kuchengetedzeka Munharaunda

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Chii Chinonzi Kuchengetedzeka Munharaunda
Chii Chinonzi Kuchengetedzeka Munharaunda

Video: Chii Chinonzi Kuchengetedzeka Munharaunda

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Munguva dzeSoviet, vagari vasina mukana wekuwana mari vakazvimirira, pamwe neavo vanoda rubatsiro rwekunze, vakatendeukira kuvakuru vezvekuchengetedzwa kwevanhu. Vanhu (zviremera) vakavadaidza zviri nyore - kuchengetedzeka munharaunda.

Chii chinonzi kuchengetedzeka munharaunda
Chii chinonzi kuchengetedzeka munharaunda

Kuchengetedzwa Kwemagariro

Pamutemo, hapana pfungwa yekuchengetedzwa kwevanhu, kudzikiswa uku munguva dzeSoviet kwaidaidzwa kunzi masangano ese ekuchengetedza vanhu aipa masevhisi uye aibhadhara kuvagari. Panguva imwecheteyo, kuchengetedzeka kwevanhu kwakanzwisiswa senzira yemagariro ehurumende, nerubatsiro rwekuti mari dzakasiyana siyana, masangano, uye mamwe mapoka evagari vanoda rubatsiro rwezvinhu anotsigirwa. Kutsigirwa kwenyika kwakanakidzwa na:

- vana, - vanhu vakura, - vanhu vakaremara, - vanhu vakarasa kugona kwavo kushanda nekuda kwemhando dzakakomba dzezvirwere, - vanhu vane chinzvimbo chakakosha (veterans, varwi vehondo, mhuri hombe, Magamba eUSSR neSocialist Labor, nezvimwe.)

Ndokunge, avo avo kuchengetedzeka munharaunda sosi yehupenyu.

Sisitimu yemasangano ekuchengetedza vanhu aisanganisira kwete chete ekuchengetedza magariro, asiwo masangano ekurapa, dzimba dzekubhodhaya, masangano ekurapa uye ekudzivirira, ekuvandudza uye ekugadzirisa nzvimbo, nezvimwe.

Kuchengetedzwa kwevanhu munharaunda

Mukutanga kwema2000, mutemo wezvematongerwo enyika wehurumende wakagadziriswa, uye nyaya dzekuchengetedzeka munharaunda chinhu chekare, kunyangwe ndangariro dzevanhu dzakachengeta izwi riri nyore uye rine simba.

Kubhadharwa kwemudyandigere mu "Russia nyowani" kwakatanga kudzorwa nePension Fund imwechete, saka, kubva pasi pekuchengetedzwa kwevanhu, vepenjeni, vakaremara, vana vanogamuchira mari yemudyandigere nekuda kwekurasikirwa nemuriritiri vakaendeswa kuPFR nenzvimbo yayo. matavi, akagadzirwa mudunhu rega rega. Kubva 2002, Pension Fund yakatanga kubvisa kubhadharwa kweinonzi EDV - mari inobhadharwa pamwedzi yemari inogona kushandiswa nevanhu vakaremara pamishonga, mafambiro kana kurapwa pachipatara, kunyangwe zvivakwa zvega zvakaramba zviri pasi pesimba rebazi re Hutano.

Vagari vemo varombo, vanamai vasina murume, vakaremara vanogashira mari yemudunhu, varwi vevashandi, vakadzvinyirira vashandi vepamba, varwi veWWII uye mamwe mapoka evagari vane mamwe matanho ezvekutsigira zvinhu uye zvisiri zvekushandisa vachiri kutarisirwa nezviremera zvekuchengetedza vanhu.

Mupfungwa yemazuva ano, kuchengetedzeka munharaunda ingori mari yemudyandigere pamwe nemasangano ekuchengetedza vanhu. Ehe, chizvarwa chevechidiki chinonzwisisa musiyano uripo pakati pemasangano, asi vakwegura vachiri kudana zvese neshoko rimwe.

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