Vladimir Malykh: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Vladimir Malykh: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu
Vladimir Malykh: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Vladimir Aleksandrovich Malykh inyanzvi yefizikisi yeSoviet iyo yakaita mupiro wakakosha mukugadzirwa kweyekutanga magetsi epasi pano muObninsk.

Malykh Vladimir Alexandrovich
Malykh Vladimir Alexandrovich

Biography

Vladimir akaberekerwa munharaunda yeSverdlovsk musi waJanuary 23, 1923. Akakunda zvakanaka nechirongwa chesekondari, achibatanidza kudzidza nekudzidzisa, akadzidzisa makosi evashandisi vemuchina.

Baba Alexander Georgievich pamberi pekuchinja kwa1917 vaive vekirasi yevarombo vepakati. Munguva dzeSoviet, aive sachigaro weboka repurazi, akabva abata nzvimbo dzakasiyana siyana. Akapfuura nemuhondo, akafa muna 1952.

Amai Anna Andreevna akashanda semudzidzisi. Kuwedzera kuna Vladimir, uyo aiva mukuru, mhuri aiva nevamwe vana vatatu: Larisa, Valery, Yevgeny.

Ndapedza pamwe honors kubva kosi chikoro, Vladimir akagamuchira kodzero kunyoresa kuyunivhesiti pasina bvunzo. Izvi zvakadzivirirwa nematambudziko emhuri uye Vladimir aifanira kushanda pachikoro cheTurin kwemakore maviri. Ikoko akadzidzisa fizikisi uye masvomhu kuvadzidzi vechikoro chesekondari.

Muna 1942, zvakadaro akava mudzidzi - akapinda Moscow State University. Kudzidza zvakare kunofanira kusanganiswa nebasa, sezvo mamiriro emari emhuri anga aine mwero. Kugona kuvapo kwake uye kune avo vari padhuze naye, anoshanda semubatsiri murabhoritari kuResearch Institute yeFizikiki yeMoscow State University.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Muna 1943, Malykh akanyoreswa mumatanho euto reSoviet uye akashanda semagetsi emagetsi mutangi brigade. Kwapera chinguva, iye achagamuchira kurwa ronda, iye achava goko-akavhunduka. Mushure mekurapwa, akanzi haana kukodzera kuita basa rekurwa, saka kubva muna 1944 Vladimir akashanda pamuzinda weTula NKVD webato. Akaderedzwa simba muna 1946, Vladimir Alexandrovich anoenderera mberi nezvidzidzo zvake uye achishanda paMoscow State University, asi kwete kwenguva refu. Nhevedzano yezvirwere, ipapo roorano nezvinetso zvakatevera zvezvinhu zvakamugombedzera kusiya yunivhesiti ndokutsvaka rimwe basa.

Muchirimo cha1949 Malykh akakokwa kurabhoritari inotungamirwa naO.D. Kazachkovsky. Aiva nhengo IPPE muna Obninsk. Masayendisiti aiita basa rekugadzira rin'i yekuwedzera, uye nekukurumidza masimba emagetsi. Pano Vladimir Aleksandrovich akazviratidza kuva nyanzvi nyanzvi - akaisa mberi mazano akawanda anonakidza, aisatya kuita basa rakaoma ari ega. Apa ndipo panotangira basa rake.

Basa

Pasina nguva Malykh akasarudzwa pachiyero chemugadziri wesainzi yehunyanzvi. Izvi hazvina kudzivirirwa kunyangwe nekushaiwa kwake dzidzo yepamusoro - iyo Academic Council yakatumira chikumbiro kukomisheni yechipupuriro yekubvumidzwa kwake.

Wekutanga simba renyukireya chirimwa chakatumirwa muObninsk. Yakanga iri VA Malykh uyo muna 1951 akarairwa kugadzira zvinhu zvemafuta (izvi zvinhu zvemafuta) - iri basa raive rakaomarara mukugadzirwa.

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Mufananidzo

Muna 1953, Malykh akazova Musoro weDhipatimendi reTekinoroji, uye mugore rimwe chetero mapfumo ake emafuta akaiswa mukugadzirwa pamushini wemuchina muElektrostal. Nechinangwa ichi, musangano wakasarudzika wakasikwa, uye Malykh akagamuchira masimba asingagumi - aigona kuzvimiririra kukwezva vashandi vezvirimwa uye kurasa michina. Pakazosvika Kubvumbi 1954, nhamba inodiwa yematanda emafuta, anove mazana mashanu negumi nematanhatu, aive agadzirwa. Muna Chikumi wegore rino, gwenya rekutanga renyukireya pasi rose rakatangwa.

Muna 1956, Malykh akagamuchirwa kuti adzivirire chinyorwa chake. Basa rake rakange rakazvipira kugadzirisa kwete rimwe dambudziko, senge kazhinji kacho, asi yakazara yakaoma. Naizvozvo, iyo Academic Council yakavhota vachibvumirana kuti vape muyero wemumiriri uye nekukurumidza chiremba. Saka VA Malykh akazova chiremba wesainzi sainzi.

Muma1960, Malykh akashanda mukugadzirwa kwerudzi rutsva rwemafuta emota yenyukireya yepasi pemvura. Basa rakanga rakaoma, pane imwe nguva, zvichemo zvakatanga kunzwikwa kuna Vladimir Alexandrovich. Asi mushure mekuongororwa kwakadzama kwezvakaitika uye zvikonzero zvekukanganisa, Malykh akakwanisa kuratidza kugona kwechinhu chemafuta pasi pemamiriro akapiwa. Muna 1977, iyo Project 705 yenyukireya yepasi pegungwa yakaendeswa kuNavy uye yakazivikanwa seinomhanyisa panguva iyoyo.

Iyo yakatanhamara fizikisi yenyukireya yakabatanidzwawo mukusimudzirwa kwemafuta emuchadenga nzvimbo - ivo vakagadzira diki-saizi inokurumidza neutron reactor, iyo yakazova hwaro hweBUK nyukireya magetsi.

Upenyu hwehupenyu

Malykh agara achizivikanwa nesimba rinoshamisa. Shamwari dzakamuti "damn anokurumidza-kungwara uye akangwara." Hunhu hwake hwakabhadharira vasina kumbowana dzidzo yepamusoro, uye maoko ake egoridhe akamutendera kuitisa chero chero kuyedza. Aigara achiseka, kunyangwe mamiriro acho asina kuirasa.

Kufanana chero musayendisiti weiyi nhanho, Vladimir Malykh akaongororwa zvisina kujairika. Mumwe munhu anoyemura kugona kwake, erudition, kuzvipira. Vamwe vaimutya kana kumuitira shanje, akaona kusimba, kuomarara uye kuomarara. Zvisinei, zvakaoma kuramba kukodzera kwake mumunda weatomic physics uye teknolojia.

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Mufananidzo

Vladimir Alexandrovich akange akaroora Larisa Alexandrovna Geraseva. Vaviri vacho vakarera mwanakomana wavo Dmitry.

Mipiro

  • 1956 - Order yaLenin yekugadzirwa kweOninsk simba renyukireya
  • 1957 - anokunda Lenin Prize
  • 1962 - Order yeRed Banner yeVashandi
  • 1964 - menduru yegoridhe yeExhibition yeEconomic Achievements 1966 - zita reHero reSocialist Labor pamwe nekuratidzwa kweOrder yaLenin uye sando nemenduru yegoridhe.

Malykh akafa muna 1973, chinokonzera kufa kwekutanga mhedzisiro yekugwinha uye maronda akagashirwa panguva yechipiri Hondo Yenyika. Akavigwa kumakuva eVagankovskoye (Moscow).

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Mufananidzo

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