Akavigwa Kupi Ivan Anotyisa

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Akavigwa Kupi Ivan Anotyisa
Akavigwa Kupi Ivan Anotyisa

Video: Akavigwa Kupi Ivan Anotyisa

Video: первая часть 2022, Gumiguru
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John Vasilievich (Ivan anotyisa) kubva Rurik youmambo akaberekwa August 25, 1530 mumusha Kolomenskoye. Akadzika munhoroondo semumwe wevatongi vane hutsinye, akasarudzika nechisimba uye aive nekutambudzwa mania. Nekudaro, vanyori venhau dzakaitika vanowedzera kusahadzika maonero aya evatambi venguva yeNguva yeMatambudziko.

Akavigwa kupi Ivan anotyisa
Akavigwa kupi Ivan anotyisa

Zvakasarudzika, Ivan Vasilyevich akazova mambo aine makore matatu, asi pakutanga mai vake Elena Glinskaya akatonga Russia nevari pedyo naye, zvisinei, pazera ramakore makumi matatu, Glinskaya akafa, angangove aine chepfu. Nguva kubva pakufa kwaVasily wechitatu kumuchato kuumambo hwomwanakomana wake Ivan inowanzo kunzi Yakakanganiswa, ino inguva yekutonga kweVanomwe maBarsars, masimba masimba musimba remakurukota e boyar. Zvinyorwa zvekare zvakaburukira kuzvizvarwa zvine zvakawanda zvinopesana, uyezve, zvimwe zvacho zvakanyatsogadzirwa uye kunyorwazve, uye saka ndiani chaizvo aive mambo pamwe nezita remadunhurirwa rekuti Anotyisa, kutonga kwaakaita uye kufa kwake, tinogona kungofungidzira.

Nenzira, John anotyisa ndiye wekutanga mambo muRussia.

Kutonga

Maonero aMambo weMoscow, uyo akakwira pachigaro aine makore gumi nemashanu, pahutongi anga akafanana nepfungwa dzeByzantine nezve madzimambo akapfekedzwa korona, vatumwa vaMwari, vane simba risingaperi. Zviri muchiratidzo chakasarudzika chemagumo ake ndipo pakanamirwa nhema dzaIvan the Grozny kune vafundisi nemamonki, minamato yake yekushamisika uye yekuratidzira kwenguva refu mumakamuri epachivande.

Mushure mekuedza kuuraya uye kumukira kwakakurumbira kweMoscow, Ivan Vasilyevich akazvidzivirira kubva kuhurumende yese nedenderedzwa revateveri, vaakadana akasarudzwa Rada. Bhodhi rake, sekutaura kwavo izvozvi, raive rekuraira, mabasa mazhinji akaendeswa kumisangano. iyo chete Peter Mukuru yakaparadza. Nekudaro, izvi hazvina kana kutadzisa Ivan anotyisa kubva mukugadzira iyo Mutemo weMutemo, maererano nevazukuru vakararama kwemazana emakore, kuita shanduko huru mumunda wezvematongerwo enyika, uto, hurongwa hwezvemitemo nemitumbi yenyika, kukunda Kazan, Astrakhan, Western Siberia neBashkiria.

Kufa

Zvinozivikanwa zvechokwadi kuti mambo akaurayiwa kanopfuura ka15, Grozny aiziva nezvekuedza kwese kwehupenyu hwake, uyezve, iye pachezvake akapinda mukuuraya kwevanhu vakarangana. Zviripachena, kugara kwekutyisidzira kwerufu kwakarova zvakanyanya psyche yamambo. Mazuva ake ekupedzisira anotsanangurwa nenzira yakavhiringidzika zvakanyanya, nhoroondo yezvakaitika zvinopesana, zvisinei, kazhinji, Grozny akafa mushure mekurwara kwenguva refu: sekureva kwevaongorori, Ivan Vasilyevich akagadzira maosteophytes akamutadzisa kufamba. Akafamba pamubhedha. Masayendisiti anoti makore makumi mashanu ekurwara kwamambo akafanana neaya evakwegura. Musi waMarch 16, Ivan anotyisa akawira mukufenda, uye musi waMarch 18 mushure mekudya kwemasikati akafa. Izvo zvichiri kungori zvakavanzika kuti kwaive kufa kwechisikigo here kana kuti dai mambo anga achiri chepfu.

Kunyangwe panguva yehupenyu hwake, Ivan Vasilyevich akapa rufu kuti azvigare mumudhikoni wepaaritari, achida kuratidza wese kukosha kwekutonga kwake. Pakurayira kwekufa kwamambo, akavigwa muguva reMutumwa Mukuru Cathedral yeMoscow Kremlin muhoro yemariro evatongi vehurumende mumutsara wevarume.

Kusvikira zuva ranhasi, mutumbi wamambo unogara muKereke Huru yeKereke, kunyangwe hazvo vakaedza kuvhura guva kanoverengeka.

Guva ramambo wekutanga rakashongedzwa nekesi yemhangura, iyo yakaitwa pakutanga kwezana ramakore rechi20. Pasi pekasi kune dombo reguva rakagadzirwa nezvidhinha, uye pasi peguva iri pane sarcophagus yakagadzirwa nematombo akasimba. Iyo sarcophagus yakafukidzwa nesirabhu yedombo jena, pakanyorwa zita uye mazuva ehupenyu uye kufa kwaIvan Vasilyevich.

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