Nei Krisimasi Ichipembererwa Musi WaDecember 25

Nei Krisimasi Ichipembererwa Musi WaDecember 25
Nei Krisimasi Ichipembererwa Musi WaDecember 25

Video: Nei Krisimasi Ichipembererwa Musi WaDecember 25

Video: JEI и NEI [1.12.2] | Обзоры модов Minecraft 2022, Gumiguru
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Nei Krisimasi yeKaturike ichipembererwa musi waDecember 25? Kuti upindure uyu mubvunzo, munhu anofanira kutanga abvunza mumwezve mubvunzo: nei, muchokwadi, mwedzi wekupedzisira wegore unonzi Zvita. Mushure mezvose, iri izwi rine mavambo echiLatin, kubva ku "deca" - "gumi". Sei vaRoma vekare vaidaidza wekupedzisira, wegumi nemaviri mwedzi wegumi kuti wegumi?

Nei Krisimasi ichipembererwa musi waDecember 25
Nei Krisimasi ichipembererwa musi waDecember 25

MuRoma yekare, kutanga kwegore kwakadonha munaKurume 1. Mazana emakore chete gare gare, Gaius Julius Caesar anozivikanwa, ave mudzvanyiriri, akaraira zuva rakapfupika kuti rionekwe sekutanga kwegore. Uye vaRoma, vachifara kuti nekutanga kwegore idzva, kureba kwemasikati kwakatanga kuwedzera kanenge zvishoma, kuti kwaiuya kutsime, vakaronga mhemberero dzakanaka dzaive netsika refu. Ivo vainzi "Saturnalia", mukuremekedza mumwe wevanamwari vanoremekedzwa - Saturn. Mazuva ano, kusiyanisa kwemakirasi kwakadzimwa kwenguva pfupi, matafura epamusoro akaiswa pamigwagwa, waini ichiyerera kunge rwizi. Ehe, panogona kusave nemubvunzo wekurega. Hazvishamise kuti apo chiKristu chakava chinamato chikuru, vapirisita vaida kudzima kunyange ndangariro dze "zvivaraidzo zvakashata zvevahedheni" zvakapihwa kuna mwari "asiriye". Asi zvakazove zvisiri nyore kuzviita. Vanhu vakasindimara havana kuda kusiya mafaro anowira kumugove wavo mumazuva ekupedzisira aZvita gore rega. Kunyengetedza kana kutyisidzira kwekutambudzwa kusingaperi muhupenyu hwerufu hakuna kubatsira Makore zana shure kwezana ramakore, uye vagari veyaimbova Humambo hweRoma vakasindimara vakaramba vachipemberera Saturnalia. Mukupedzisira, vasingadi, vatungamiriri vepamusoro vechechi vakasarudza kutsiva zororo revahedheni neKisimusi. Kunyangwe paine chokwadi chekuti, chokwadika, hapana aiziva zuva chairo rekuzvarwa kwaKristu, zvakaziviswa kuti akazvarwa panguva iyoyo. Saka zvishoma nezvishoma yaimbova Saturnalia yakashanduka kuita Krisimasi. Sei Krisimasi ichipembererwa pamazuva akasiyana munyika dzakasiyana? Semuenzaniso, muRussia - Ndira 7? Ichokwadi ndechekuti pakupera kwezana ramakore rechigumi nematanhatu, pakarenda nyowani, inonzi "Gregorian" yakaunzwa muEurope, yakagadzirirwa kugadzirisa musiyano uripo pakati pehurefu chaihwo hwegore repasi uye uhwo hunobva kukarenda ya "Julian", maererano nenyika zhinji dzaigara, kusanganisira Russia. Kureba kwegore mukarenda yaJulian kunopfuura iro chairo nemaminetsi gumi nerimwe chete nehafu chete. Izvi, hongu, hazvina basa kana tichienzanisa neicho chaicho kukosha, asi kwemazana emakore kukanganisa kwakadzikama kwakazara, kugadzirisa izvo Pope Gregory akaunza karenda nyowani. Muna 1918, karenda yaGregory yakagamuchirwa muRussia, asi kereke inoenderera mberi ichirarama maererano nekarenda yaJulian. Ndokusaka Krisimasi ichipembererwa muEurope muna Zvita 25, uye pano - Ndira 7.

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