Ernst Bush: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwepamoyo

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Ernst Bush: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwepamoyo
Ernst Bush: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwepamoyo

Video: Ernst Bush: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwepamoyo

Video: Ernst Busch. "Einheitsfrontlied. Марш Красного фронта" - Кинохроника 2022, Gumiguru
Anonim

Iye aive akazvipira kuzvipira kuGerman uye aisakwanisa kutsungirira nzira iyo Hitler akaseka nayo Nyika Yababa vake. Zvombo zvake pakurwa nevaNazi zvaive nziyo, anoshanda munhandare uye bhaisikopo, pfuti uye kutenda mukukunda.

Ernst Bush
Ernst Bush

Mazita evazhinji vane tarenda maGerman akarwira kusunungurwa kweGerman kubva padenda rakasviba akanyorwa mumavara egoridhe munhoroondo yehunyanzvi. Avo vakatamira kune dzimwe nyika vaka "ganhurirwa" neNyika nyowani. Gamba redu harina kusiya nyika yekuzvarwa uye rakakunda miedzo yakawanda nerukudzo.

Uduku

Muvaki Friedrich Busch aigara muguta rechiteshi cheKiel. Muna Ndira 1900, mukadzi wake akamupa mugari wenhaka, ainzi Ernst. Mhuri yakanga isina kupfuma, asi ine hushamwari uye inofara. Musoro wayo wakaimba mukwaya. Kuti arege kusiya zvaanozvivaraidza nazvo uye kupedza nguva yakawanda nemwana, akaendesa mukomana kunodzidzira.

Guta reGerman reKiel
Guta reGerman reKiel

Kuwedzera okugadzira zvinhu, baba Ernst aifarira zvematongerwo enyika. Aive nhengo yeSocial Democratic Party. Pakatanga Hondo Yenyika Yekutanga, uye iri rezvematongerwo enyika rakatsigira Kaiser, Fritz akasiya chikamu. Haana kuvanzira mwana wake maonero ake. Iye wechidiki akawana yakewo mafungiro nezve mamiriro ezvinhu munyika apo muna 1915 paakawana basa rekudzidzira basa rekukiya pane imwe ngarava. Kusaruramisira kwevanhu kwakatsamwisa gamba redu.

Mhirizhonga

Hondo yakangowedzera matambudziko evashandi. Mhuri yaBush yakatora chinhanho kumukira kwakamuka muKiel muna1918. Mwaka wakatevera vakabatana neGerman Communist Party yeGerman. Ernst aifarira mimhanzi uye kuita. Pamwe chete nevamwe vake, iye akaronga zvesimba vachishevedzera kurwira kodzero dzavo.

Ernst Bush
Ernst Bush

Muna 1921 director weCity Theatre akaona murume wechidiki ane tarenda ndokumukoka kuchikamu chehunyanzvi. Iye wekutanga akakunda rudo rwevateereri, akavimbiswa basa rakajeka. Mudiki mupanduki aisada kushanduka kuita murume mumugwagwa, akaramba kukoka kwekunyengedza kumapoka ane mukurumbira. Muna 1924 akadonhedza zvese ndokutizira kuItaly aine shamwari mbiri. Vanofamba-famba vakakanganisa kutarisisa kwemapurisa. Vakatorwa, vakapomerwa mhosva yevasori uye vakadzoserwa kuGerman.

Theater uye cinema

Rwendo rwakundikana haruna kuuraya nyota yekufamba. Zvisinei, iye zvino Bush akaenda kumaguta akasiyana enyika yake yekuzvarwa uye akatora chikamu mumitambo. Muna 1926 akabatana nechikwata chePomeranian Traveling Theatre, iyo repertoire yaisanganisira ese ekare mabasa evanyori vemazuva ano. Kushaikwa kwedzidzo yakasarudzika uye kwakanyanya maonero hakuna kukanganisa neakajeka mutambi uye muimbi.

Ruzha rwakauya kumabhaisikopo, uye kutsvaga kwakatanga kune avo vaisakwanisa kungoburitsa mufananidzo wegamba, asiwo nerunako kutaura chirevo, uye kunyange kuimba. Vagadziri vemafirimu vakakwevera kuna Ernst Busch. Imwe yemafirimu ekutanga pakaonekwa muimbi yaive "The Threepenny Opera" naGeorg Wilhelm Pabst. Mutungamiri ane ushingi kanopfuura kamwe akakoka shamwari yake kupfura.

Ernst Bush mufirimu
Ernst Bush mufirimu

Zvematongerwo enyika

Pachiratidziro, munziyo uye kubva pachikuva, Ernst Bush akakurudzira vanhu kuti vasatera mukunyepedzera kwekunyengera kwevaNazi. Kumisangano, aitaura zvisati zvamboita zvishoma kupfuura pachikuva. Mushure memoto muReichstag, matarenda anti-fascist akapona nepaburi kusungwa. MuBerlin, kwaaigara, mapepa akabuda aine mafoni ekuti vamurove, nziyo dzake hadzina kutepfenyurwa pawairesi yeGerman, zvinyorwa zvakabviswa mukutengesa.

Soviet Union yakatsigira macommunist eGerman. Muna 1935 Ernst akakokwa kuMoscow. Ikoko akatora chikamu mukutora firimu re "The Fighters", akarekodha nziyo dzinoverengeka, uye akasangana nevanhu vane pfungwa dzakafanana. Nokukurumidza, yokudhirowa vakanyoresa dzakawanda brigade, vakaenda Spain. Muna 1937 akasiya Nyika yeSoviet, gore rakatevera shamwari dzake dzeRussia dzakagamuchira nhau kuti gamba reGerman rakanga rafa. Nziyo dzake, dzaitepfenyurwa nechemberi, dzakamurwira.

MaGerman anopesana-fascists muSpain
MaGerman anopesana-fascists muSpain

Hondo

Bush aive mupenyu.Haana kukwanisa kubva kuSpain nevamwe vake varwi, aifanira kuhwanda muBelgium. Ikoko Ernst akaenderera mberi nehondo, achipa makonzati enziyo dzeSoviet uye anti-fascist Hurumende yenyika yanga isina kugutsikana nehunhu hwemuenzi uyu. Kuti arege kusungwa uye kuenderera mberi nebasa rake, muimbi aizoenda kuUnited States, asi mauto eGerman akapinda muBelgium uye nzira yekuyambuka gungwa yakatemwa.

ChiGerman anti-fascist pepa
ChiGerman anti-fascist pepa

Muna 1940, maBelgian akabata makominisiti akavanda navo ndokuvaendesa kukamba yevasungwa muFrance. Ernst Bush aive mumwe wevakatapwa. Mushure memakore maviri, akakwanisa kutiza. Varwi vekuramba kweFrance vakaponesa komuredhi. Ivo vaiziva nezvehupenyu hwaBush, vakanzwisisa kuti murume uyu aifanira kuendeswa kunzvimbo yakachengeteka. Kuedza kuyambuka muganhu neSwitzerland kwakaguma mukundikana - akavharirwa ndokuendeswa kujeri. Antifascist akatongerwa rufu akaponeswa neAmerican bombing raid. Gamba redu rakakuvara zvakaipisisa, asi rakakwanisa kubuda mudzimba dzakaparadzwa uye kuwana pekuvanda pasi pevhu.

Anonetsekana Veteran

Hondo yapera, Ernst Busch akadzokera kuBerlin. Mupiro wake mukukunda kweTatu Reich wakakosheswa zvakanyanya, zvisinei, akange akanyorwa semudiwa wevakuru vakuru kusvikira apora kubva kumaronda ake. Dzinoverengeka zvesimba zvesimba muFederal Republic yeGerman zvakatungamira kuchokwadi chekuti muimbi akakurudzirwa kuenda kuGerman Democratic Republic. Ikoko, murwi werusununguko akazvimisikidza nekushoropodza kwakasimba kwehurongwa. Muna 1960 akabva pachikuva.

Ernst Bush
Ernst Bush

Pakange pasina runyararo muhupenyu hwega gamba redu. Aive akaroora kaviri, asi aisakwanisa kuwana mugari wenhaka. Muna 1964 Ernst akasangana neuyo akabvuma kuenda naye pasi uye mugore rimwe chetero akapa murume wake mwanakomana. Mhuri yakatamira kuBernburg. Ernst Bush akashaya munaJune 1980.

Yakakurumbira nenyaya