Admiral Essen: Nhoroondo, Chinangwa, Hunhu Hunhu Hwefrigate

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Admiral Essen: Nhoroondo, Chinangwa, Hunhu Hunhu Hwefrigate
Admiral Essen: Nhoroondo, Chinangwa, Hunhu Hunhu Hwefrigate

Video: Admiral Essen: Nhoroondo, Chinangwa, Hunhu Hunhu Hwefrigate

Video: Как «Адмирал Эссен» два часа гонял "невидимую" «Джорджию», словно палкой бродячую собаку 2022, Gumiguru
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Iyo Admiral Essen isingaonekwe patrol frigate iri kushanda neRussia Nhema Gungwa Fleet. Ngarava inosanganisirwa muchikamu makumi matatu chengarava dzepasi. Ngarava dzekutenderera dzeiyi purojekiti ndiyo yekuvandudza kweRussia mukuvaka zvikepe, zvakagadzirirwa kusimbisa zvakanyanya kuvapo kwemahombekombe eRussia zvikepe muBlack neMediterranean Seas.

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"Admiral Essen" - frigate, yakagadzirwa seanalogog yezvikepe zvitatu zvekuchengetedza, zvakagadzirirwa chaizvo Indian Navy. Chete chengarava dzeRussia, shanduko mukuumbwa kwechombo chakaitwa kune dhizaini dhizaini. Vafambisi vengarava vanotsanangura ngarava iyi seyesimba ine simba, inofambika, inonyatsoita basa uye inonamira, yakagadzirirwa kuita basa reNavy Navy.

Nhoroondo yechikepe

Iyo frigate "Admiral Essen" nerudzi rwayo uye kirasi yemudziyo ndeya ngarava dzekuchengetedza dzepurojekiti 11356. Icho chimwe chezviteedzana zvezvikepe zvitanhatu zvakarairwa, izvo, maererano nezvibvumirano zviviri zve Ministry of Defense yeRussia Federation. nekambani inovaka zvikepe "Yantar", inofanirwa kuve chikamu cheRussian Navy kusvika 2020 yegore.

Kuvakwa kweAdmiral Essen kwakatanga muna Chikunguru 8, 2011 paYantar ngarava muKaliningrad pasi peiyo serial nhamba 01358. Iyo yakapera frigate yakavhurwa munaNovember 7, 2014 uye yakagashira muswe nhamba 751.

Ngarava iyi yakagamuchira zita rayo mukuremekedza mukuru wemauto eRussia Empire, Admiral Nikolai Ottovich von Essen (1860-1915). Uyu mutungamiri wemauto akamutsidzira iyo Baltic Fleet mushure meshungu dzeTsushima, uye panguva yeHondo Yenyika Yekutanga akagadzwa semutungamiriri.

Iyo frigate "Admiral Essen" yakatanga kuita bvunzo dzefekitori muna Gumiguru 28, 2015. Uye atove munaNovember 5, 2015, akaenda nechikepe kekutanga. Mamiriro ezvinhu ehurumende yechikepe chitsva akatanga muna Ndira 30, 2016, uye atove musi waMarch 23, sechikamu chemaitiro avo, ngarava yakasiya nzvimbo yeLeningrad yegungwa yeBaltic Fleet. Frigate isingaonekwe ine vashandi vakazara mubhodhi yakabuda ichienda mugungwa rakavhurika kuti iitise ngarava dzinoenda kunzvimbo yeRussian Navy muNorthern Fleet.

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Chaizvoizvo maererano nechirongwa, musi waApril 4, 2016, ngarava yakasvika kuNorthern Fleet kuzopfura bvunzo. Sechikamu cheyedzo, shanduko yakaitwa kubva kuNorth-East Atlantic dunhu sechikamu cheboka rengarava pasi pekurairwa kwechikepe chikuru chinorwisa ngarava "Vice-Admiral Kulakov". Vashandi ve "Admiral Essen" panguva ino vakashanda pamwechete kufambisa ngarava, vakaongorora mafambisirwo ehurongwa hwefrigate, pamwe neredhiyo uye zvekubatsira kufamba kwechikepe chitsva.

Sechikamu chekuyedzwa kwehurumende, "Admiral Essen" akagadzira moto unoshanda muGungwa reBarents kubva kumasystem akasiyana siyana. Uye semhedzisiro, musi waApril 15, 2016, akabudirira kupedza bvunzo dzenyika.

Kuendeswa kwechikepe kuNavy Russian Navy kwakatanga kurongerwa Chivabvu 26, 2016, asi zuva rapfuura racho, zvakangoerekana zvaziviswa kuti mimwe miedzo yechikepe yaidiwa. Nekuda kweizvozvo, kufambiswa kwefrigate "Admiral Essen" kune zvikepe uye kusimudzwa kwemureza weRussia Navy pamureza kwakaitika muna Chikumi 7, 2016.

Ngarava yakatora nzvimbo yayo pakati pezvikepe zveRussia zvikepe uye yakagamuchira chiteshi chengarava cheSevastopol. Muna Gumiguru 2017, nhamba yake yemuswe yakatsiviwa ne470.

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Kusarudzwa kwefrigate "Admiral Essen"

Iyo Admiral Essen ngarava inowirirana yakawanda inotarisirwa kuita mamishinari ekurwisa uye kuita zviitiko zvakasiyana zvehondo zvese sechikamu chemafomu echikepe uye seyunivhesiti yakazvimiririra yekurwa.

Kutenda kugona kwechikepe, iyo frigate inokwanisa kuita akati wandei ehondo mamishinari:

  • tsvaga ngarava dzepasi pevavengi nekuparadzwa kwavo kwakatevera;
  • moto kutsigira kubva kugungwa kwemauto ekurwa kwemauto epasi, pamwe nekuona kutakurwa uye kumhara kwemaamphibious kurwisa mauto;
  • kupa inoperekedza uye inoshanda kudzivirira zvikepe zvese kubva pasi pemvura uye pamusoro pemvura ndege yemuvengi, uye kubva pakurwiswa nemhepo;
  • kuitisa basa rekutarisa uye kufamba munzvimbo yegungwa;
  • kuve nechokwadi chekuchengetedzwa kwekutaurirana kwemakungwa.

Unyanzvi hunhu hwe patrol "Admiral Essen"

Iyo frigate "Admiral Essen", kunyangwe iri diki saizi, ine simba rehunyanzvi hunhu. Kureba kwechikepe chikepe - 124.8 m, upamhi - 15.2 m, ngarava yakanyorwa ndeye 4.2 m. Kufambiswa kwechikepe matani 4035.

Iyo yakanyanya kukwirisa nzvimbo yeiyo frigate ingangoita 4850 nautical mamaira. Kutakura kwepasi pemudziyo kunogona kusvika padanho repamusoro makumi matatu nemapfundo. Nguva yemushandirapamwe wekuzvimiririra kana uchiita mamishinari ekurwa unosvika mazuva makumi matatu. Kuzara kwevashandi vengarava vanhu 170.

Iyo frigate "Admiral Essen" yakagadzirirwa gasi remagetsi turbine unit, inosanganisira mana injini: 2 afterburners uye 2 inosimudzira. Iyo yakazara huwandu hwebasa ravo inosvika 56,000 litita. kubva. Simba rekushandisa remudziyo rinoitwa ne4 dhiziri jenareta, ichipa simba rese re3200 kW.

Iyo frigate yeazvino chirongwa 11356 "Admiral Essen" yakagadzirwa ichishandisa tekinoroji inova nechokwadi chekupona kwepamusoro kwechikepe. Izvi zvinosanganisira kudzivirira kwete chete kumakemikari, asi zvakare nezvombo zvenyukireya. Uye zvakare, chikepe cheacoustic siginecha yemuvengi chakadzikiswa zvakanyanya sezvinobvira.

Muhupenyu hwezuva nezuva, vashandi vefrigate vanopihwa mwero wepamusoro wehupenyu nekunyaradza. Iko kukweva uye imba yemawadhi yechikepe zvakagadzirwa nehunyanzvi hwazvino.

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Hondo ye frigate "Admiral Essen"

Huru yekuratidzira zvombo zvechikepe i "Caliber-NK". Ichi chivakwa chakakosha chinokwanisa kurova pasi pemvura, pamusoro, pamwe nepasi pekumira uye nharembozha ine nzvimbo dzakapihwa. Zvakare, iyo yakaoma inogona kupisa mumamiriro ezvinhu anouya anoshanda anongedzera moto uye emagetsi kudzvinyirira. Kalibra-NK inosanganisira zvombo zvisere-zvinoputika-zvinopinda neazvino homing system.

Yezvese-dziviriro kubva pakurwiswa nemhepo, iyo "Admiral Essen" yakagadzirirwa iyo "Shtil-1" yekudzivirira mweya system. Iyo anti-ndege chombo chinokanganisa inokwanisa kudzora zvine mutsindo kurwisa kukuru kwemweya uye zvombo zvemuvengi, pamwe nekurova zvinangwa zvemauto pamvura nepanyika.

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Uye zvakare, iyo ngarava yakashongedzerwa neye-pfuti 100-mm pfuti kukwira A-190, inokwanisa inoshanda moto pagungwa, mhepo uye kumahombekombe egungwa. Iyo yekumisikidza yakarongedzwa neanopfura yekudzora sisitimu ine otomatiki kutsvaga, kunongedzera kutora uye kumwe kuteedzera Chiyero chemoto wepfuti ndeye makumi masere paminiti, uye danho repfuti rinosvika makiromita makumi maviri.

Kurwisa ngarava dzepasi pemvura, ngarava ine 2 torpedo machubhu e533 mm caliber, pamwe neRBU-6000 rocket launcher. Kuchengetedza kubva kuzvombo zvine hunyanzvi, kusanganisira zvombo zvinopesana nezvikepe, iyo Kashtan anti-ndege chombo chinokandwa chakaiswa paAdmiral Essen. Inobatanidza zvombo zvinorwisa-nendege zvine system yekudzora uye 2 pfuti dzekurova dzine 6 30-mita emabhiramu.

Ngarava yezvombo zvengarava inosanganisira helikopta kubva ku "Ka" yakateedzana ine helipad yakaiswa ine hangar yakavharwa. Pakati pezvimwe zvinhu, iyo frigate yakagadzirirwa zvemagetsi warfare system, iyo inosanganisira manyepo ekumisikidza uye iyo Udav anti-torpedo dziviriro.

"Admiral Essen" anogona kubudirira kurwisa akati wandei zvinangwa kamwechete. Kuunganidza nekugadzirisa irworwo ruzivo rwunouya, iyo "Inodikanwa-M" sisitimu yakagadziridzwa yakanangana nemafriji eprojekti iyi, inokwanisa kuzvimiririra kumisikidza mabasa ezvombo zvese. Zvichienderana nemamiriro ezvinhu aripo ekurwira, inosarudzira huwandu hunodiwa hwekupfura uye zvombo zvinokandwa. Panguva imwecheteyo, mamiriro ehondo yeafrigate anotariswa otomatiki uye ruzivo rwunodiwa rwunopfuudzwa kumasystem ekuchengetedza chikepe.

Yakakurumbira nenyaya