Lydia Vladimirovna Vertinskaya: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwepamoyo

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Lydia Vladimirovna Vertinskaya: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwepamoyo
Lydia Vladimirovna Vertinskaya: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwepamoyo

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Lydia Tsirgvava, akaroora Vertinskaya, akararama hupenyu hwakajeka uye hwakareba. Akazvarwa muChina muna 1923, kwaakapedza hudiki hwake uye hudiki. Uyezve mhuri yake yakakura yakatamira kuSoviet Union.

Lydia Vladimirovna Vertinskaya: biography, basa uye hupenyu hwepamoyo
Lydia Vladimirovna Vertinskaya: biography, basa uye hupenyu hwepamoyo

Baba Lydia aishanda Railroad Administration, uye mai vake vaiva mai vemba. Sekuru vavo, mukuru pamudyandigere, vakagarawo navo. Ivo vese vaigara pamwechete muHarbin, asi vaive nehugari hweSoviet uye vaizviona sevagari venyika yavo, vachizadzikisa basa ravo rezvekunze kunze kwenyika

Mune dhayari yake, Lydia akanyora kuti pakatanga Hondo Huru Yenyika, mhuri yese yakatanga kukurukura nezvenyaya yekutamira kuSoviet Union kuti ibatsire nyika mukurwira vapambi munguva dzakaoma. Uye muna 1943, mhuri Tsirgvava vakatamira Moscow. Ehe, zvaive zvakaoma, asi vakapona pane zvese, nekuti vaive nehushamwari.

Hupenyu hwekugadzira

Pazera remakore makumi maviri nemasere, Lydia akakwanisa kupinda muMoscow State Academic Art Institute. Surikov, paChikoro chePainting. Akapenda zvakanaka kwazvo, uye basa rake rakaratidzirwa pakuratidzira kwakasiyana siyana muMoscow. Ndapedza chikoro, Lydia akaenda kunoshanda fekitari yokudhinda somunhu Artist.

Mifananidzo yake, zvakadaro, yakatengeswa zvakanaka - ainyanya kuve masisitimu uye maprints.

Pane imwe yemitambo, Lydia akaonekwa naAlexander Ptushko, uyo panguva iyoyo anga atove director anozivikanwa. Akarohwa nekutaridzika kwemusikana uye kwakapinza, uye akabva amukoka kuti atambe mufirimu rake.

Uye munguva pfupi vateereri vakaona yakanaka shiri Phoenix mufirimu "Sadko" - uyu aive Lydia Tsirgvava, uyo panguva iyoyo atove nezita rekuti Vertinskaya. Zvakanga zvichishamisa kuti musikana asina kuita basa akaita basa rakanakisa nebasa uye akagamuchira yakawanda wongororo yakanaka kubva kuvatsoropodzi. Zvisinei, Lydia pachake haana kumhanyira kupinda whirlpool, kuita mutambi basa: firimu airidza mabasa mashanu chete. Mafirimu anozivikanwa kwazvo: "Don Quixote", "The Kingdom of Crooked Mirrors", "The New Adventures yePuss muBhutsu". Sezvo mutemo, iye airidza mavara ane mashiripiti zvivakwa - sezviri pachena, chitarisiko chake chakakodzera basa iri.

Upenyu hwehupenyu

Pane imwe nguva, kumashure muHarbin, muimbi ane makore makumi mashanu ekuberekwa Alexander Vertinsky akaonekwa mukambani yekutumira kwaaishanda. Akabva atora pfungwa kumusikana akajeka, vakasangana, uye Lydia akabva adanana. Aingova nemakore gumi nemanomwe chete, mhuri yese yaipesana neiyi hukama, asi Alexander naLydia vakasimbirira pamuchato wavo.

Pamwe chete vakatamira kuMoscow kubva kuHarbin, uye muna 1943 vakave nemwanasikana, Marianna, uye pakupera kwa1944, mwanasikana, Anastasia.

Muna 1957, Alexander akafa, uye Lydia aifanira kurera vanasikana vake ega, haana kuzoroora zvakare. Asi akararama kusvika kunguva apo vanasikana vake vakave vakakurumbira vatambi, vakazvara vazukuru vake vanoshamisa. Vaviri vavo vane mukurumbira zvakare: muimbi uye muterevhizheni weTV Alexandra Vertinskaya uye mutambi Stepan Mikhalkov.

Lydia Vertinskaya akafa pazera remakore makumi mapfumbamwe nemapfumbamwe uye akavigwa kumakuva eNovodevichy.

Yakakurumbira nenyaya