Lydia Alekseevna Charskaya: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwepamoyo

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Lydia Alekseevna Charskaya: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwepamoyo
Lydia Alekseevna Charskaya: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwepamoyo

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Munyori anoshamisa wevana Lydia Charskaya aive nemukurumbira muhumambo hweRussia, panguva yekutonga kwaNicholas II. Iye ane tarenda nyaya, nhetembo, ngano zvakaverengwa nevadzidzi vechikadzi vevasikana dzimba dzekudzidzira munyika. Nyaya dzekufungidzira dzakatsanangurwa mumabhuku aCharskaya dzinodzidzisa mutsa, ushingi uye vanokudzwa. Aya mabhuku ane mafeni nhasi.

Lydia Alekseevna Charskaya: biography, basa uye hupenyu hwepamoyo
Lydia Alekseevna Charskaya: biography, basa uye hupenyu hwepamoyo

Hupenyu hwaCharskaya asati ave munyori

Lydia Charskaya (zita chairo - Voronova) akaberekwa muna Ndira 1875 muTsarskoe Selo. Baba vaRidhiya vaiva murombo anokudzwa (ainzi Aleksey Voronov), uye amai vake, uyo asina ruzivo, vangangodaro vakafa pakubereka.

Kwemakore manomwe, kubva muna 1886 kusvika muna 1893, Lydia akadzidziswa paPavlovsk Women's Institute muSt. Uye ndangariro dzehupenyu netsika zveichi institution zvakazoonekwa mune yake prose. Mushure mekusiya chikoro, Lydia ane makore gumi nemasere akatanga kuroora mauto Boris Churilov. Vaviri ava vaive nemwana - mwanakomana, Yura. Asi nguva pfupi mushure mekuberekwa kwemwana, Lida naBoris vakarambana. Chikonzero banal: murume aisakwanisa kugara kuSt. Petersburg, akatumirwa kunoshanda kure kuSiberia. Uye Lydia haana kuda kusiya guta guru uye kumutevera. Pashure pacho, munyori akange akaroora kaviri, asi mapato emuchato aive mashoma.

Muna 1897, Lydia akaenda kumitambo yemitambo uye akazvipedza muna 1898. Mugore rimwe chete, akawana basa semutambi muAlexandrinsky Theatre, kwaakaguma achishanda kusvika 1924. Zvakananga munzvimbo yemitambo, Lydia akauya aine sonorous zita rekunyepedzera - Charskaya.

"Schoolgirl Notes" nemamwe mabasa ekunyora

Mutori wenhau Charskaya akawana madiki mabasa, uye muhoro, zvichiteerana, aive nemwero. Kuti avandudze mamiriro ake emari, iye akasarudza kutanga kunyora. Muna 1901, iyo magazini "YeMoyo Shoko" yakaburitsa nyaya yekutanga yeCharskaya, yakavakirwa muchikamu pane rake dhayari, iro raakachengeta achiri mudiki. Iyo nyaya yaive neyakaremekedzwa zita - "Zvinyorwa zveMusikana wechikoro." Iri bhuku rakaunza budiriro inoshamisa kumunyori. Kubva ipapo, mabasa aCharskaya akaonekwa muIvo reMoyo gore rega rega.

Mumakore makumi maviri chete anoshingaira eunyanzvi, munyori akagadzira makumi masere nyaya, makumi maviri engano uye mazana mazana enhetembo - aive munyori akasimba. Pakati pemabhuku ake akakosha pane "Princess Javakh" (nezve adventures emusikana wechiGeorgia anogara muguta reGori), "Siren" "Mufaro waLizochka", "Sibirochka", "Lesovichka", "Dendere raJavakhov", "Imba ya rascals "," Luda Vlassovskaya "," Chakavanzika cheiyo Institute ".

Charskaya mushure mekuchinja uye kuguma kwemabhuku ake muUSSR uye muRussia Federation

Mushure mokunge maBolshevik Party atanga kutonga, Charskaya akamira kuburitswa. Akapomedzerwa "maonero emabourgeois". Mabasa aCharskaya akabviswa kubva muraibhurari network. Asi vamwe vanhu, sepakutanga, vakaverenga mabhuku ake, kunyangwe iwo aive akarambidzwa zviri pamutemo uye zvaive zvisiri nyore kuatora.

Muna 1924, Charskaya akapedza basa rake remitambo uye makore ese akatevera akararama pamudyandigere wakadzikama, uyo waakapihwa kumunyori naKorney Chukovsky akakurumbira (izvo zvisina kumutadzisa kushoropodza zvakanyanya prose yake). Kubva 1925 kusvika 1929, Charskaya neinoshamisa kusimba akakwanisa kuburitsa ina madiki mabhuku pasi pezita rekunyepedzera - N. Ivanova.

Lydia Charskaya akafa muna 1937 muLeningrad, guva rake riri kumakuva eSmolensk.

Mushure mekupunzika kweSoviet Union, mabhuku emunyori anoshamisa evana aya akatanga kushambadzira zvakare. Mumakore ekuma 2000, imwe yedzimba dzekutsikisa yakatoburitsa muunganidzwa wakakura wemabasa ayo mumavhoriyamu makumi mashanu nemana. Izvo zvakakoshawo kuziva kuti muna 2003 mudanho director Vladimir Grammatikov akaita ficha-kureba firimu "Sibirochka" zvichibva pabasa rezita rimwe chete naCharskaya.

Yakakurumbira nenyaya