Yuri Bondarev: Biography Uye Basa Romunyori

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Yuri Bondarev: Biography Uye Basa Romunyori
Yuri Bondarev: Biography Uye Basa Romunyori

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Mune zvinyorwa zveSoviet nemabasa evanyori vemazuva ano, yakaunganidzwa hombe nhanho yemabasa nezveGreat Patriotic War. Zvinonakidza kucherechedza kuti mazuva ano kune kazhinji kutonga kwakapesana zvakasiyana uye kuongororwa kwezviitiko uye hunhu. Mumamiriro ezvinhu akadaro, ruzivo runofanira kuwanikwa, sezvavanotaura, ruoko rwekutanga. Yuri Bondarev - pamberi-mutsetse musoja. Uye iye akanyora uye anonyora mabasa ake nezvehondo zvichibva pane zvaakaona, zvakaitika uye nezvaakaona.

Yuri Bondarev
Yuri Bondarev

Vechidiki vari pamberi

Nenzira yekufananidzira, biography yaYuri Vasilevich Bondarev yakananga, senge kubhururuka kwemuseve. The ramangwana munyori akaberekwa Orsk, riri Orenburg steppes, March 15, 1924. Baba vangu vaishanda mumatare. Akaendeswa kune imwe nzvimbo yebasa, uye mhuri yakatamira makore manomwe mushure mokuberekwa kwemwana kuMoscow. Yuri akakurumidza kujairana nemamiriro matsva. Ndakasvika pakuziva vezera rangu, ndikadzidza kuti chivanze nevana mumugwagwa unotevera vanogara sei. Ndakadzidza zvakanaka kuchikoro.

Kufanana nevazhinji vechidiki vezera iro, akapinda mumitambo, akapasa zviyero zveTRP, zvakagadzirirwa basa remauto. Akabatana neKomsomol uye akatora chinzvimbo chakasimba mune zvese zviitiko. Aifarira kuenda kunokwira shamwari, achitaura nyaya dzinonakidza pamoto. Aiziva kubata hove panzeve. Bondarev akaverenga zvakawanda uye akatevera zvinhu zvitsva pamashefu ezvitoro zvemabhuku. Mumakore iwayo, kutevedzera anokudzwa vanyori, jaya akaramba dhayari. Tinogona kutaura kuti kuchengeta diary kwaive kwemufashoni. Pakatanga hondo, Yuri anga asati apedza zvidzidzo zvake kuchikoro.

Aifanira kupedzisa dzidzo yake pakubuda. Uye pakarepo akanyoresa inifanduri chikoro, iyo yakanga yakavakirwa Aktyubinsk. Pakupera kwemakosi, mukudonha kwa1942, Lieutenant Bondarev akatumirwa kuStalingrad uye akagadzwa mutungamiri wevashandi vevhu. Pano akagamuchira ronda rake rekutanga. Zvinoenderana nemauto mazhinji epamberi, hondo yakaoma, inonetesa. Mushure mekupora, aive zvakare kumberi. Kukarukureta pfuti pasi murayiro mukuru refutenendi Bondarev aiva pakati vokutanga dzakabatana kuyambuka Dnieper.

Nguva dzekugadzira

Bondarev haana kufunga nezve rake basa rekunyora. Kubva pamatanho eSoviet Army, akadzingwa mukukuvara muna Zvita 1945. Izvo zvaive zvakafanira kujairana nenguva yerunyararo uye nekuwana nzvimbo yavo muhupenyu. Zvakakosha kusimbisa kuti pamberi-mutsetse mamiriro, Yuri Vasilyevich akakwanisa kugara achinyora mune rake dhayari. Pazano reshamwari yepedyo, akatanga kutora marekodhi aya ndokupinda muLitare Institute. Kuda kushanda neshoko kwakunda. Nhau dzekutanga dzakaburitswa muSmena, Ogonyok magazini uye mamwe mapepanhau.

Pakati pemakore makumi mashanu, bhuku rekuti "Vechidiki vevakuru" rakaburitswa. Uye chaiko gore rakatevera, chimwe chiitiko chakakosha chenyika - iyo yemagazini vhezheni yenyaya "Mabhatani ari kukumbira moto." Izvo zvakakosha kusimbisa kuti aya mabasa akaverengwa uye kuongororwa nevatori vechikamu muhondo. Masoja epamberi, vashandi vepamba, uye avo vaive vana mumazuva iwayo. Nhaurirano dzaiitirwa mumapepanhau, uye mukicheni, uye pamurwi. Hapana munhu akatsiura munyori nekuda kwenhema kana zvido zvemukana. Mafirimu mazhinji akatorwa zvinoenderana nemabasa aYuri Bondarev.

Pikicha "Hot Snow" ichiri kushanda semuenzaniso wevatungamiriri vemazuva ano. Bondarev, semumwe wevanyori vezvinyorwa, vakapinda mukugadzirwa kweepic "Liberation". Ndinofanirawo kutaura kuti Yuri Vasilyevich akagamuchira kadhi rebato rake muna 1944. Uye akaramba ari nhengo yeCPSU kusvika pakuparara kweSoviet Union. Zvishoma zvinozivikanwa nezve hupenyu hwemunyori. Murume nemukadzi havashambadzire "zvipfeko zvemukati" zvavo. Vanasikana vaviri vanogara nemhuri dzavo. Vabereki havakanganwi.

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