Ivan Gonchar: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Ivan Gonchar: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu
Ivan Gonchar: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Anodaidzira muvezi uye muimbi wezana ramakore rechi20 Ivan Gonchar akaunganidza mavara nemifananidzo yemabasa ake muUkraine yose. Aifarira nzvimbo dzekumaruwa, uye hupenyu hwezuva nezuva, uye zvipfeko, uye tsika. Akaunganidza muunganidzwa unoshamisa weanopfuura zviuru mazana manomwe ezvekuratidzira, izvo zvakazove pekutanga musemu yakavanzika.

Ivan Gonchar: biography, zvisikwa, basa, hupenyu hwehupenyu
Ivan Gonchar: biography, zvisikwa, basa, hupenyu hwehupenyu

Biography

Ivan Makarovich Gonchar akaberekwa muna 1911, pakupera kwaNdira, musi wa27. Native musha - Lipyanka, Cherkasy dunhu, Ukraine.

Vabereki vake vanobva kumakirasi epasi evarombo. Kunyangwe hupenyu hwakareruka uye kushomeka kwedzidzo yepamusoro kubva kuvabereki vake, Ivan akanzwa kushuva hunyanzvi kubva paudiki.

Sezvaakazonyora mudhayari rake, aikoshesa imba yake yevarombo, mhuri, nemararamiro. Pano, pane chitofu chevanhu, akatanga kugadzira: kuronga, kupenda, kunyora, kuveza, kuveza. Chitofu ichi, imba yake, ndeyokuzvarwa nevanhu, kwaive kufarira kwake chaiko. Kunyangwe paakanga akura akazvitengera furati muKiev chaimo, akaramba achingonamira vanhu. Uye pakupera kwehupenyu hwake akakwanisa kuvaka imba, iyo yakazove muzinda wemu Museum weIvan Gonchar.

Muna 1930, Vanya akapedza kudzidza muKiev art uye chikoro chemabhizimisi. Mudzidzisi wake aive muimbi V. Klimov. Muna 1936, akapedza kudzidza kuInstitute of Agrochemistry uye Soil Science muKiev (yava kunzi Institute of Agriculture).

Zvino paiva neuto, kudanwa kumberi - kutora chikamu Great Patriotic War. Paakadzoka kubva kuhondo, akadzokazve kuunyanzvi.

Zvisikwa

Muumbi ndiye munyori wezviumbwa zvinotevera zvezvifananidzo.

  • shongwe kuna Ustim Karmelyuk,
  • shongwe kuna Ivan Gonta,
  • shongwe kuna Grigory Skovoroda,
  • chiyeuchidzo kuna vechidiki Taras Shevchenko,
  • shongwe kuna Lesya Ukrainka,
  • shongwe kuna Mikhail Kotsyubinsky,
  • shongwe kuna Vladimir Sosyura,
  • shongwe kuna S. Vasilchenko,
  • shongwe kuna E. Paton,
  • shongwe kuna I. Bridk,
  • zvimwe.

Zvivezwa zvake zvevakakurumbira vevanhu manhamba ndezvechokwadi chaizvo uye zvakasununguka zvinoratidzira mifananidzo yevakuru vanhu. Kunyangwe hazvo hunhu hwekuparadzira huripo mavari, iwo mamaki kune akatanhamara manhamba akagadzirwa zvinesimba kwazvo, zvine tarenda, achitarisisa zvakadzama.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Muumbi anozivikanwa zvakare neake chaiwo emifananidzo:

  • Bohdan Khmelnytsky,
  • Maria Zankovetskaya,
  • Lesya Kurbasa,
  • Anatoly Solovyanenko,
  • zvimwe.

Kuwedzera kune akakura portraits uye zvivezwa, wekuUkraine maestro Ivan Gonchar akanyanya kutarisisa kumifananidzo nevamiriri vevarimi.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Zvakaitwa neiyi nyanzvi yemhando yepamusoro uye nemuteresi anoshingairira vanhu vake zvinogona kuenzaniswa nekubudirira kwakazara kwesainzi Institute. Akaongorora, akadzidza, akatsanangura, akaunganidza, akaburitsa, akagovana zvese izvi nevanhu venguva yake.

Yakasarudzika kuunganidzwa

Kubva pakupera kwema1950, akatanga kuunganidza zvinhu zvechivanhu zveUkraine tsika uye hupenyu hwevanhuwo zvavo, anga akagadzirira kufamba achipfuura nemunyika yezvinhu zvekare. Yese nguva iyi yekutanga yaakachengeta mumusangano wake uye kumba, zvishoma nezvishoma kugadzira yekutanga yakaunganidzwa yega.

Pakupera kwezana ramakore rechi20, muunganidzwa wake wekare weUkraine waisanganisira zvinopfuura zviuru zvinomwe zvakasarudzika. Sezvakataurwa nemuteresi iye, aiita izvi nechinangwa chikuru - vanhu veUkraine vanofanirwa kudzidza nezvazvo nemidzi yavo zvakanyanya! Haana kumbobata yake hombe muunganidzwa seimwe mhando yekuunganidza miziyamu Zvese izvi akatsvaga akachengeta kwete zvekuchengetedza munzvimbo dzekuhwanda, sezvaanozobvuma mudhayari rake, asi nekushongedza kwemafaro edzimba. Akarota kwete chete kwekuumba nzvimbo yekutendeseka kwetsika dzetsika dzakatemerwa kutsakatika (dai anga asina kuzviunganidza), akaedza kugadzira nharaunda yakasarudzika - zvekuti chero muoni, achinge anyura mukati mayo, aigona kunzwa kuzivikanwa kwake.

Chiratidziro chake chekutanga chikuru chakaitika muna Kukadzi 1988 mune imwe yemahoro eUnited Union yeArtists eUkraine.

Achiyemura uye achizivisa vaakararama navo panguva yetsika, Gonchar akanyora muunganidzwa wemifananidzo yekudhirowa "eUkraine marudzi emhando mune yemuno mapfekero emunyika yechipiri hafu ye19 - kutanga kwezana ramakore rechi20." Iyi mifananidzo ichiri kudiwa uye inoratidzwa mune dzakasiyana dzimba dzeUkraine. Uye muunganidzwa wake unowanikwa mune imba-miziyamu yeMuumbi.

Akavaka miziyamu semusha, achinongedzera kune wese munhu kuti: “Uyu musha wako! Iwe neni takazvisika isu pachedu. Namaoko avo nemoyo yavo. Aive nechokwadi chose kuti izvi zvakange zvakatonyorwa muUkraine echinyakare hunyanzvi uye hwepakutanga tsika.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Upenyu hwehupenyu

Pamutemo, Muumbi haana kuzoroora. Naizvozvo, haana kumbobvira ave nemhuri yake nevana. Asi, achinzwa kudiwa kwekuchengeta mumwe munhu uye kupfuudza ruzivo rwake, akagamuchira mwana wemukoma wake Peter, uyo akarasikirwa nevabereki vake nekukurumidza. Jaya rakava muimbi, uyezve rakazova director weIvan Gonchar Museum.

Muvezi weSoviet akafa munaJune 18, 1993 muKiev, ari kuzorora kumakuva eBaikovo.

Muna 2010, mukuremekedza makore zana ekuberekwa kwamuimbi, chiratidziro cheunyanzvi chekufamba chakanzi “Ivan Gonchar. Kukunda kwehupenyu humwe. " Kwapera gore, mu2011, bhuku rekurangarira pamusoro pemunhu uyu ane tarenda rakaburitswa nemusoro wouzivi "Uye imba yangu ine chokwadi chayo chitsvene". Bhuku racho rakanyorwa kwemakore gumi nemusoro wedhipatimendi rezvivakwa Lidia Dubikovskaya-Kalnenko. Mwanakomana wekugamuchirwa wemunyori uye muvezi, director wemu museum, Peter Ivanovich Gonchar, akanyora bhuku pamusoro pababa mukuru.

Musoro webhuku unoreva zviri mubhuku raIvan pachezvake kubva muna 1969: “Ndichadzoka kubva kuguta ndichienda kuimba yangu-miziyamu uye, sekunge ndiri kubva kudivi rekunze ndichienda kwangu. Khreshchatyk inotsamwa, migwagwa yakakura ine ruzha, uye mutauro wangu wekuzvarwa, rwiyo rwedu rwekuUkraine, ruzha mumba mangu.

Yakakurumbira nenyaya