Chukovskaya Lidia Korneevna: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Chukovskaya Lidia Korneevna: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu
Chukovskaya Lidia Korneevna: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Lydia Chukovskaya akajeka nenzvimbo yakajeka, yaiwanzo kupokana nechinzvimbo chevakuru veSoviet. Kune izvi, munyori akatodzingwa kuVanyori 'Union. Basa raChukovskaya harina kuburitswa muUSSR panguva imwe chete, asi ivo vaizivikanwa kunze kwenyika. Chinhu chakasarudzika chehunhu hwemwanasikana weakakurumbira Korney Chukovsky chivindi chevanhu.

Lydia Korneevna Chukovskaya
Lydia Korneevna Chukovskaya

Biography chokwadi

Remangwana munyori weSoviet akaberekerwa muguta reNeva munaKurume 24, 1907.

Baba vaRidhiya vaiva munyori Korney Chukovsky. Kuumbwa kwehunhu hwemusikana kwakaitika pasi pesimba remhepo yekugadzira iyo yaitonga mumhuri. Lida akapedza hudiki hwake mumusha. Kuokkala (zvino yava Repino). Kubvira vachiri vadiki, Lidochka akakurukura nevanyori vakakurumbira veRussia, vadetembi, maartist, vamiriri vevakuru veRussia vekugadzira.

A simba guru kukura Chukovskaya tarenda tarenda rakaitwa Marshak, uyo akatungamirirwa basa rake mupepeti mabhuku vana.

Kumashure kwemapfudzi aLydia ndeyeLeningrad University, iyo philological fakaroti yaakapedza kudzidza muna 1928.

Zvinyorwa zvekusika uye Citizenship

Mabhuku mazhinji akaburitswa kubva kune yakanyorwa tarenda yaRidhiya Korneevna. Pakati pavo: nyaya ya1940 "Sofya Petrovna" uye nyaya "Kudzika pasi pemvura" (1972). Yekutanga aya mabhuku anoitirwa kutyisa kwakafukidza USSR pamberi pehondo neGerman. Bhuku rechipiri rinonyanya kuve nhoroondo yehupenyu, rinotaura nezve kufanana kwevanyori veSoviet panguva yekurwira iyo inonzi cosmopolitanism. Mabasa maviri aya anosiyaniswa nenzvimbo yakajeka yemunyori.

Chukovskaya akaburitsa akati wandei emabhuku pasi pezita rechirume "Alexey Uglov": aya mabhuku evana "PaVolga", "Leningrad - Odessa", "Iyo Tale yaTaras Shevchenko". Vateereri vakasangana nekufarira kukuru bhuku rezviyeuchidzo naLydia Korneevna pamusoro pababa vake vane mukurumbira, rakaburitswa muna 1989. Chukovskaya kwenguva refu aiita yekugadzirisa zviitiko.

Basa raChukovskaya rakava chikonzero chekutambudzwa nezviremera. Muna 1926, Lydia akasungwa: munyori akapomedzerwa kunyora gwaro rinopesana neSoviet. Akatumirwa kumatunhu Saratov, kwaakagara kwerinenge gore. Chukovskaya akadzoka kubva kuutapwa nekuda kwekuedza kwababa vake.

Mumakore makumi matanhatu, Chukovskaya akatsigira vakakurumbira vapanduki veSoviet - Brodsky, Sinyavsky, Solzhenitsyn, Daniel nevamwe. Lydia akanyora tsamba yakavhurika kuna M. Sholokhov. Yakanga iri mhinduro kune kutaura kwemunyori anoremekedzwa kukongiresi yebato. Iye munyori zvakare akazove munyori wedzimwe dzinoverengeka mameseji akavhurika maakashora zviremera.

Pakupedzisira, muna 1974, Chukovskaya akadzingwa kubva kuVanyori 'Union. Basa rake rakarambidzwa, iro rakagara kusvika 1989.

Upenyu hwehupenyu hwemunyori

Lydia murume wekutanga aive munyori wenhoroondo Kesari Volpe, uyo L. Chukovskaya akaroora zviri pamutemo muna 1929. In muchato uyu akaberekwa mwanasikana, Elena. Asi kare muna 1934, vaviri vakarambana.

Lydia murume wechipiri Korneevna - wefizikisi Matvey Bronstein. Akapfurwa muna 1938. Chukovskaya pachake akapunyuka nenzira inoshamisa nekusungwa nekuenda kuUkraine.

Lydia Korneevna akashaya muguta guru reRussia muna 1996, musi waFebruary 7.

Yakakurumbira nenyaya