Alexander Hamilton: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

Alexander Hamilton: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu
Alexander Hamilton: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

Video: Alexander Hamilton: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Alexander Hamilton: biography, zvisikwa, basa, hupenyu hwehupenyu
Alexander Hamilton: biography, zvisikwa, basa, hupenyu hwehupenyu

Uyu murume aive nezvikonzero zvake zvekuvaka nyika nyowani. Chizvarwa chemakoloni, aiziva muhudiki matambudziko ese akasangana nevana vevatorwa vanobva kuEurope, aida kuona nyika yeAmerica kwete sevashandi vakaoma, asi seYenyika Yababa.

Uduku

Nyaya yakatanga nenyaya yekuti Rachel Fawcett akatiza kubva kumurume wake uye akatama kubva kuVirgin Islands, iyo yaitongwa neDenmark, kuenda kuchitsuwa cheNevis, icho chaive cheBritish. Ikoko akasangana nemuScotman Alexander Hamilton ndokumuberekera vanakomana vaviri. Iye mukomana akatumidzwa mushure memubereki wake akazvarwa muna 1755, kunyangwe gare gare muhupenyu hwake akataura kuti izvi zvakaitika makore maviri gare gare.

Chitsuwa nevis
Chitsuwa nevis

Nguva pfupi mushure mekuwedzera kumhuri, vaviri vacho vakarambana. Amai vakasuruvara vakanzi vabiridzira, vakamanikidzwa kubva pamba nevana vavo uye vakafa muna 1768. Nherera dzakarambidzwa kupinzwa chikoro, sezvo dzaive zvisiri pamutemo. Alexander akatorwa neshamwari yemhuri, mutengesi Thomas Stevens, uye munun'una wake akatumirwa kunodzidza nemuvezi. Baba vokurera vakapa mwanakomana anonzi zita dzidzo yakanaka uye muna 1772 vakamutumira kuNew York, kwaaigona kuenderera mberi nezvidzidzo zvake.

Vechidiki

Pakati pegore, wechidiki uyu aiita basa rekuzvidzidzisa. Mhedzisiro yebasa rake yaive yekubvumidzwa kuKing's College. Ruzhinji kusagutsikana nemitemo yeLondon yekoloni yakaramba ichienderera, uye mudzidzi mudiki akatsanangura maonero ake muzvinyorwa zvemagazini zvakati wandei. Aive mutsigiri wekupa kodzero dzehurumende nerusununguko kumatunhu.

Alexander Hamilton akapfeka yunifomu yeNew York pfuti. Alonzo Chappell muimbi
Alexander Hamilton akapfeka yunifomu yeNew York pfuti. Alonzo Chappell muimbi

Pakamuka Hondo yeChimurenga, Alexander Hamilton akabatana nemauto eNew York. Akatendeukira kune vakapfuma veguta, uye ivo vakapa mari kugadzirwa kwekambani yezvombo. Muna 1776, gamba redu pachinzvimbo chevakuru, pamwe nemauto ake, vakadzora kurwisa kweBritish. Mukuru wechidiki airatidza kuve munhu akanaka, vamwe vake vakafanotaura basa rakajeka remauto kwaari.

KuWashington dzimbahwe

Pane imwe nguva murume akashinga akagamuchira kokero yekujoinisa dzimbahwe raGeorge Washington iye. Nyanzvi yezvematongerwo enyika yekusununguka yaida kuona shasha yemauto semubatsiri wayo. Alexander akabvuma. Mutungamiri wenguva yemberi akavimba nemukuru wake akakosha kune tsamba dzemumiriri.

Muna 1780, mauto akamira padyo nenzvimbo yeSkyler. Washington yaive shamwari yemuridzi weimba iyi. Pamwe chete nemapurisa akati wandei, akadonha kuzoshanyira shamwari. Alexander akafarira mwanasikana muridzi wemunda Erizabheti. Hondo haina kubvumira kumbomira kuita sarudzo dzakakosha kusvika mangwana, nekuti chikumbiro chemuchato chakaitwa panenge pazuva rekuzivana kwavo. Mwedzi mishoma gare gare, Hamilton akawana mukadzi.

Elizabeth Skyler
Elizabeth Skyler

Mushure mehondo

Kubudirira kumberi kwaifadza, asi vakaisawo basa rakaoma kwavari - mushure mekukunda, zvaive zvakafanira kutanga hupenyu hwerunyararo munyika. Alexander Hamilton akawedzera kuwedzera kushatirwa. Zvairatidzika kwaari sekuti zviremera zvakarerutsa mupiro wake kuchikonzero chakajairika. Akachengetedza kutama kubva kumuzinda kuenda kubasa rinoshanda uye akatora chinhano muHondo yeYorktown, hondo yakaratidza kukundwa kwekupedzisira kweBritish.

Alexander Hamilton. Artist Randy Petersen
Alexander Hamilton. Artist Randy Petersen

Mushure mekupera kwechibvumirano cheParis, Hamilton akasiya chigaro uye muna 1782 mumwechete akagara muCongress of the Confederation. Mhirizhonga yaitonga munyika yakanga isiri tyisidziro kune kuzvitonga pane kupinda kwevatorwa. Kuedza kudaidza vamwe vagari kuti varaire hakuna kubudirira, uye wezvematongerwo enyika aida kudaro akabva muhurumende. Kwemakore anoverengeka, gamba redu raiita mutemo, kubhengi uye kudzoreredza sisitimu yedzidzo.

Zvematongerwo enyika makuru uye zvidiki zviitiko

Kuvambwa kweBhangi yeNew York uye kubudirira kweichi chiitiko kwakakurudzira Alexander Hamilton kudzokera kune zvematongerwo enyika. Muna 1787 akasarudzwa kuDare reMitemo. Gore rakatevera, akave wekutanga wevaParamende kusaina Bumbiro renyika nyowani.Mutungamiri George Washington vaiziva kuti murume uyu aigona kuvimbwa naye, uye muna 1789 akamugadza pachigaro cheMubati weHurumende yeUS. Basa raHamilton munzvimbo iyi rakaisa hwaro hwenyika yemazuva ano hurongwa hwemari. Mushure mekurega basa muna 1795, akaramba achiyambira vamwe vake nezvehupfumi.

Chiitiko kubva kumimhanzi
Chiitiko kubva kumimhanzi

Muhupenyu hwepamoyo hwemurume anoremekedzwa nevose, kurongeka hakuna kucherechedzwa. Mukuroora, akange atove nevana vasere, uye aive achitsvaga ruzivo kunze kwemuchato. Muna 1797 zvakazozivikanwa kuti Hamilton aidanana nemukadzi akaroora, Maria Reynolds. Zvekuti vakatendeka verunako urwu havana kukanda zvinonyadzisa kune vanotapira vaviri, akabhadharwa. Vapikisi vezvematongerwo enyika vaHamilton vakabva vamupomera mhosva yekuba mari kubva kuhurumende yehupfumi yezviitiko zvekunakidzwa.

Dambudziko

Iyo yekutsvaira yekunyepedzera yakapera naAlexander Hamilton kuburitsa bhurocha umo maakatsanangura zvakadzama nyaya naMaria uye nemubhadharo waakaita murume wake kubva muhomwe yake kuti anyarare. Mumaoko evavengi vake, kugona uku kwave chombo chakakomba. Vakatotaura kwete nezve kubiridzira, asi nezve hupombwe hwaimbove mushumiri. Izvi hazvina kunetsa murume ane mukurumbira wemadzimai, akaramba achiburitsa mapepa, kwaakapa ruvengo kune avo vaisada.

Duel weAharon Burr naAlexander Hamilton. Kunyora
Duel weAharon Burr naAlexander Hamilton. Kunyora

Mumwe Aaron Burr kwemakore akati wandei akakundikana musarudzo dzese. Rombo rakaipa murume akazvivimbisa kuti chikonzero cheizvi kushoropodzwa kubva kuna Hamilton. Muna 1804, wezvematongerwo enyika akakundikana akadenha muvengi wake kune duel. Vakuru vacho vaipfura kubva pamatanho gumi. Alexander Hamilton akakuvadzwa zvinouraya uye akafa zuva raitevera. Tsamba yakawanikwa muhomwe yejasi rake, kwaaiti panguva yekurwa kwaaizopfura mumhepo.

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