Borislav Nikolaevich Brondukov: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwepamoyo

Zviri Mukati:

Borislav Nikolaevich Brondukov: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwepamoyo
Borislav Nikolaevich Brondukov: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwepamoyo

Video: Borislav Nikolaevich Brondukov: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwepamoyo

Video: Борислав Брондуков биография. Как сложилась судьба? 2022, Gumiguru
Anonim

Zita reVanhu Artist yeUkraine SSR Borislav Nikolaevich Brondukov inonyatso kuzivikanwa kune vateereri veRussia. Akarangarirwa uye kudiwa kwemafirimu akadai se "Citizen Nikanorova yakakumirira", "Afonya", "Sportloto-82", "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes", "The Man from the Boulevard des Capuchins", "Garage" nevamwe vazhinji.. Munguva yake yekusika basa mu cinema, Brondukov akaita nyeredzi mumafirimu anopfuura 150. Idzi dzainyanya kuve dzekutsigira mabasa uye episheni umo kutaridzika kweiyi inoshamisa hunhu mutambi yakayeukwa nguva dzose.

Borislav Nikolaevich Brondukov: biography, basa uye hupenyu hwepamoyo
Borislav Nikolaevich Brondukov: biography, basa uye hupenyu hwepamoyo

Kuva

Akazvarwa mumusha mudiki weDubovaya muPolissya padyo neKiev. Zuva rekuzvarwa - Kurume 1, 1938. Kufanana nevana vazhinji vakazvarwa mukutanga kwechirimo, mukomana aive asina kusimba uye mutete. Mwana akabata chikosoro achiri mudiki haaigona kurarama zvachose. Mwana wemishonga yemakwenzi akabuda, akakwanisa kuisa mukomana patsoka dzake, zvichipesana nezvakafanotaurwa nemushonga wepamutemo uyo wainge wamuramba.

Borislav akarererwa mumhuri yakavhenganiswa yeRussia nePoland, uye kwehupenyu hwake hwese akachengeta matauriro anooneka, "hurukuro" yaiwanzotsamwisa vatungamiriri. Mumafirimu mazhinji, vatambi vaBrondukov vakaoneswazve kuti vabvise "hurema" uhwu, uye vanotaura kubva pachiratidziro nemanzwi evamwe vatambi.

Mumhuri yechitendero chekutenda kweRoma Katurike, akabhabhatidzwa (mukubhabhatidza kwaBoleslav), akagamuchira kurera kwakange kusingaite panguva yeSoviet uye akapinda chikoro cheparishi pazera rake repuraimari. Ipapo akadzidza mumakirasi makuru echikoro chakazara. Kune dzidzo yechipiri yehunyanzvi ndakasarudza iyo Kiev Construction College. Akashanda muhunyanzvi hwake, achisvika padanho remutungamiriri mubrigade. Zvese zvinhu zvakashandurwa nekupinda basa muKiev chirimwa "Arsenal". Yakanga iri pano, mufekitori yemitambo yemitambo, uko kwakapinza kutendeuka mune ramangwana reBrondukov. Iye anoita chisarudzo chakasimba kupinda yemitambo Institute.

Kubva pakuvaka kusvika kumabhaisikopo

Izvo hazvigoneke kupfuura chinyararire inozivikanwa anecdote nezvenyaya yacho mukomiti yekusarudza yeInstitute of Theatre Arts. IK Karpenko-Kary. Havana kuda kugamuchira magwaro kubva kuna Brondukov, vachipokana kuti nechitarisiko chake munhu anofanirwa kushanda seforomani panzvimbo yekuvaka. Nekudaro, Wemasimbaose Fortune akakurumidza kupindira mumunhu wechikoro, Nikolai Zadneprovsky.

Zvakazoitika kuti akaona Brondukov pachiitiko cheamateur uye akagutsikana netarenda rake rinoshamisa. Kubva pamirayiridzo yake yakananga, mugumo wemunyoreri, mudzidzi, uyezve mutambi Brondukov anotanga.

Paakapedza kudzidza, mutambi anova mushandi wenguva yakazara weKiev Film Studio. A. Dovzhenko. Munguva yemakore gumi, muna 1965-1975, achinyatsogona mutauro weUkraine, akaonekwa mumafirimu mazhinji eiyo studio firimu, yakagadzirwa mumitauro yeRussia neUkraine. Basa rake rekutanga raive firimu "Ruva padombo" nezve hupenyu hwezuva nezuva hwemugodhi.

Munguva iyi, chirongwa chakabudirira kwazvo kumutambi chaive chinzvimbo chemufirimu "Iyo Dombo Muchinjikwa", izvo zvakaunza kukunda mukusarudzwa kwe "Akanakisa Male Role" paAll-Union Mutambo (Leningrad). Asi munguva pfupi firimu "rakaiswa pasherufu", zvikuru kuburikidza nemhosva yaBrondukov pachake. Kureurura kwake kwakanyanyisa kwechokwadi panguva yekuratidzwa kwemubairo nezvechishuwo chekusanganisa pamufananidzo mufananidzo wemutungamiri weboka revashandi V.I. Lenin mumaonero ekunyengedza akapotsa akunda iro rose basa rekusika remutambi uye akazova chikonzero chezviitiko muKGB.

Genius wechipiri chirongwa

Mufananidzo we "murume mudiki", anosetsa, anetsa, achibata mukuvimbika kwayo, anova godend yeBrondukov. Panzvimbo pacho kwete magamba, asi mavara maanogara achizivikanwa uye achiwedzera kudiwa nemuoni, zvinowanzoonekwa pachiratidziri. Brondukov akaridzawo akati wandei mabasa epamusoro, pakati payo iro basa rakakurumbira raive mu melodrama "Citizen Nikanorova yakakumirira."

Uye zvakadaro kubudirira kwake kukuru kunobva mukutsigira mabasa uye zvikamu. Achipa nzvimbo yepakati kune vavanoshanda navo muchirongwa ichi, vachiwedzera ruzha rwavo, Brondukov akakwanisa kuita vatambi vake zvinoshamisa, zvakasarudzika uye zvisingakanganwike. Mupurisa Grishchenko, achigovera kupenya kwemwedzi kuhama "kwekushandisa kwechinguva," chidhakwa kune "Afonya rupee ane chikwereti", murume asina rombo rakanaka asina kuita husiku hwemuchato nekuda kwemusangano wekubatira garaji - kuoneka kwaBrondukov mufirimu kwakavimbisa kuti basa raizorangarirwa uye chinyorwa chaizoparadzirwa kumatanho ekugarisa ayo akagara pakati pevanhu kwemakumi emakore.

Aiziva maitiro ekuita risingakanganwiki uye diki basa pasina rakakosha chinyorwa. Izvo zvaive zvakaringana kupa gamba rako nekomiki yekubata, yakanyorwa mundangariro - yakadaro, semuenzaniso, iyo yakapusa inokamhina yakadhakwa mufirimu "Isu tinobva ku jazz". Mifananidzo yakadaro inobudirira kwazvo kuna Brondukov, zvaakamuwanira epithet yeUkraine Chaplin kubva kuvatsoropodzi vemufirimu.

Zita rekuti People's Actor rinogashira muna 1988, makore mana mushure mekurohwa kwekutanga.

Mu1994, iyo Oleksandr Dovzhenko Prize yakavambwa muUkraine, yakarongedzwa kuti ienderane neyegumi yemakore kuberekwa kwemukuru akatanhamara director muUkraine nhoroondo. Uye gore rinotevera Borislav Nikolaevich anova mukohwi wekutanga.

Kune rimwe divi rekona

Muchato wekutanga waBrondukov wainge usina kubudirira. Iye waakasarudza akatambura nedambudziko repfungwa, iro rakazozivikanwa mushure memuchato. Muchato wakaparara, uchisiya Brondukov "nhaka" yeakareba kushushikana.

Imba yechipiri muna 1968 yaive mhedzisiro yekunzwa kwechokwadi uye kwakadzika. Brondukov anga atopfuura makumi matatu, kuda kwake kwaCatherine kwaive nemakore gumi nemasere. Zvese zvekupisa rudo uye zvakavanzika lyricism yemweya wako panguva refu yekumanikidzwa kupatsanurwa, kutarisirwa muhupenyu hwezuva nezuva uye kutarisisa kutarisisa panguva yekubatana kugara. Brondukov nerupo akapa mudiwa wake, uye iye akamupindura akatendeka mukudzoka. Mune muchato uyu, vaviri vacho vakarera vanakomana vaviri, Konstantin naBogdan.

Nguva refu yekuonekana

Sitiroko yechipiri yakabata mutambi mukutanga kwema90s, mushure mezvo mutambi wacho aisakwanisa kuzopedzisira adzokera kubasa, achingoonekwa pano neapo pachiratidziri. Mudzimai akazvipira chose chose kumuchengeta, asi mamiriro emari emhuri aingova akaipa. Sitiroko yechitatu muna 1998 yakamubvisa zvachose kugona kufamba uye kutaura.

Pakazosvika 2004 chete ndipo Screen Screen Actors Guild yeUkraine yakatora matanho ekutsigira mhuri. Zano, rakagadzirwa paKharkiv terevhizheni studio uye inoratidzwa muzvirongwa zveUkraine neRussia terevhizheni, yakakwezva kutariswa uye rubatsiro kubva kuvanhu vakazvimirira. Asi atove musi waMarch 10 wegore rimwe chete, kutambura, kwakagara kwenguva yakareba makore gumi, kwakatungamira mukufa kwemutambi. Akaviga Brondukov kumakuva eBaikovo eguta guru reUkraine.

Yakakurumbira nenyaya