Ivan Orlovsky: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

Ivan Orlovsky: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu
Ivan Orlovsky: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

Video: Ivan Orlovsky: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Ivan Ivanovich Orlovsky, wezvenhau wemuno uye asina kuneta muongorori, akaita mupiro wakakura mukugadzirwa kwenzvimbo uye yekuchera matongo chimiro cheSmolensk dunhu. Aive mumwe wevanhu vekutanga veruzhinji aikwanisa kukwezva veruzhinji kune chikuru basa reSmolensk munhoroondo yeRussia, kuita kuti kufunda kwenzvimbo yake yekuzvarwa kuwedzere pakati pevechidiki.

Wezvenhau I.I. Orlovsky
Wezvenhau I.I. Orlovsky
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Biography uye basa

I. Orlovsky akaberekwa musi waJune 29, 1869 mumhuri yemupristi, mumusha. Danilovichi wedunhu reElininsky, ikozvino nharaunda yeRoslavl. Nekuda kwedzidzo yakanaka kumba, kudzidza chiLatin uye mutauro wekare wechiGreek, akapinda nyore muchikoro chebhaibheri uye akazove mumwe wevadzidzi vakanakisa. Mushure mekupedza kudzidza, Ivan akadzidza paSmolensk Theological Seminary, uyezve paMoscow Theological Academy, kuFakisheni yeNhoroondo.

Mumwe wevadzidzisi vake, manejimendi wedhisheni, P.O Klyuchevsky, anonyanya kuzivikanwa muongorori wenhoroondo yeRussia uye jogirafi. Muna 1894 I.I. Orlovsky akapihwa Smolensk Diocesan Yevakadzi Chikoro, mudzidzisi wejogirafi, nhoroondo uye fizikisi.

Upenyu hwehupenyu

Hupenyu hwega hwezvakaitika kare hwaifamba zvakanaka. Muna 1989 akaroora Anna Semyonovna Vorobyova, mudzidzisi wechikoro che diocese. Mushure memuchato, akasiya kudzidzisa, uye kwemakore mazhinji basa rake rakava mhuri, akabereka Ivan Ivanovich vana vashanu - Nikolai, Elena, Ivan, Zina naAlexander.

Munyori wenhau dzakafa akafa musi waChikumi 17, 1909, chinguva chidiki pamberi pemakore makumi mana ekuberekwa. Kuora mitezo kwemoyo kwakanyorwa sechikonzero cherufu mubhuku remetriki, asi vamwe vaongorori vanofunga kuti chirwere cheshuga ndicho chaicho chaicho chikonzero. Mumakore asingasviki makumi mana ehupenyu hwake, akakwanisa kugadzira anopfuura makumi maviri emabhuku nemabhurocha, zvinyorwa zvakawanda, nyaya uye nhetembo nezve nyika yake yekuzvarwa.

Zvisikwa

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Hupenyu hwake hwese I. Orlovsky akazvipira kudzidza nhoroondo uye jogirafi nyika yaakaberekerwa. Zvisinei nebasa rinogara riripo mumusangano, akawana nguva yekutsvagisa, akashanda pamwe nemapepanhau nemagazini, incl. yezvose-Russian kukosha. Semushandi weiyo Historical uye Archaeological Museum, akanyora bhuku rekutanga rezviratidziro, izvo zvakabatsira kunyangwe munhu asingazive kuti anzwisise uye afambe.

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Ivan Ivanovich akakwanisa kuronga chaicho chiitiko chekutsvagisa - vapristi vematunhu mazhinji eSmolensk province vakamutumira zvinhu nezve zvakapfuura zvikamu zvavo. Zviitiko zvemuno zvemunharaunda zvaisanganisira kunyatsoongorora nekuchengetedza chero ruzivo rwakanyorwa, zvakawanikwa pakuchera matongo. Nekuda kweizvozvo, iyo "Pfupi Geography yeSmolensk Dunhu" yakagadzirwa, umo muongorori akakwanisa kuunganidza ruzivo nezve huwandu hwevanhu, hupfumi, jogirafi, uye zvakasikwa mamiriro eprovince. Parizvino, zvese zvinyorwa zveruzivo urwu hazviwanikwe, saka bhuku iri sosi yakakosha kwazvo yeruzivo nezve hupenyu hwenzvimbo yeSmolensk mukupera kwezana XX - kutanga kwezana ramakore XXI.

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Pakutanga kwezana ramakumi maviri, basa rekudhinda redhipatimendi rezvematongerwo enyika rakatanga kukudziridza. Orlovsky akatora mugove basa komisheni kudzivirira Smolensk nhare rusvingo, basa rake "Smolensk rusvingo. 1602 - 1902 ". Akashingairira kudzidza zvese-zveRussia zviitiko, hupenyu hwemhuri yehumambo yeRomanov mune mamiriro epanyika yake, zvichibatsira kufunga nezve mafungire epasi maererano nemaonero.

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