Olesha Yuri Karlovich: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Olesha Yuri Karlovich: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu
Olesha Yuri Karlovich: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Yuri Olesha aive nesimba rakakura rekusika, iro munyori haana kukwanisa kunyatsozviziva. Haana kuitirwa kudzvinyirirwa. Nekudaro, kwemakore mazhinji zita remunyori uyo akagadzira inonakidza uye inorairidza inoverengeka "Vatatu Vakakora Varume" yakaiswa zvisina kukodzera kukanganwa.

Yuri Karlovich Olesha
Yuri Karlovich Olesha

Mapeji kubva kuhupenyu hwaYuri Olesha

Yuri Karlovich Olesha akaberekwa musi waMarch 3 (maererano nesitayera yekare - Kukadzi 19), 1899. Munyori wenguva yemberi, munyori wemitambo uye munyori wechiratidzo akaberekerwa muUkraine, muElizavetgrad (yava kunzi Kirovograd). Baba vaOlesha vaibva kumhuri yevarombo vePoland vanokudzwa. Pakutanga kwezana ramakore rechi20, mhuri yaYuri yakatamira kuOdessa.

Olesha akabatana nebasa rekunyora pazera diki. Mugore pakaitika chimurenga muRussia, Yuri akapedza chikoro chesekondari. Akadzidza zvakanaka - kubudirira kwejaya kwakapihwa menduru yegoridhe.

Muchiitiko chakafanana che1917, Yuri akazova mudzidzi wedhipatimendi remutemo weYunivhesiti yeOdessa. Pano akadzidza kwemakore maviri. Munguva iyi, Olesha akasangana naValentin Kataev, Ilya Ilf, Eduard Bagritsky. Shure kwaizvozvo, vese vanyori ava vakava ivo vavambi veinonzi "South Russian chikoro". Yuri anotora chikamu chinoshanda mumabasa enhetembo denderedzwa rine zita rerudo "Green Lamp".

Kana simba revaSoviet rakagadzwa muOdessa, Olesha akatanga kushandira pamwe Bureau yeUkraine Press. Iri raive zita remutumbi wezveruzivo rwehurumende yeSoviet Ukraine. Chimwe chekutanga chakabudirira chiitiko chekunyora chemunyori chakadzokera muna 1921 - iye anodhinda mutambo mumwe-wechiitiko "The Blockblock Game".

Ipapo munyori akatamira Kharkov uye akava wenhau. Vabereki vaYuri vakasarudza kusiya nyika, vachigara muPoland. Asi Yuri akaita sarudzo yakasarudzika - akaramba ari muRussia yakavandudzwa.

Olesha anosarudza kutamira kuMoscow. Pano iye anoshingairira kunyora zvinyorwa uye feuilletons. Yuri anosaina mabasa ake ezvinyorwa pamwe nepseudonym "Chisel".

Yuri Olesha nebasa rake

Gore ra1924 rinogona kutaridzwa sekufora mumabasa emunyori, pakanyorwa rungano rwevatatu Vatatu Varume. Iyi rondedzero, yakaburitswa muna 1928, yakabatsira mukusimbiswa kwekuzivikanwa kwaOlesha. Gare gare, Yuri akarayira iyo yemitambo kuti igadzire mutambo wezita rimwe chete. Akazoenda pamatanho emitambo munyika zhinji dzepasi. Firimu rakagadzirwa zvichibva paruzivo. Uye iro bhuku pacharo rakashora shanduro zhinji mumitauro yekune dzimwe nyika.

Imwe yemabasa akanakisa aOlesha inofungidzirwa nenzira kwayo inoverengeka "Shanje". Mubhuku rino, munyori anotaura nezvechinzvimbo nenzvimbo yevakangwara mune zviitiko zvakaitika mumashure mechimurenga Russia.

Muna 1931 akaona mwenje weunganidzwa "The Cherry Pit", yaisanganisira mabasa emakore akasiyana.

Muna 1934, Olesha akaita hurukuro inonyadzisa pa 1 Congress yeVanyori veSoviet. Akazvinongedzera kwaari se "mupemhi kubva kwaari zvese zvakatorwa." Mushure mekurwiswa uku, mabasa aYuri Karlovich haana kuburitswa kwemakumi maviri emakore. Haana kana kutaurwa zviri pamutemo. Vazhinji vehama dzaOlesha uye vaaizivana navo vakadzvinyirirwa muma1930.

Munguva yehondo nemaNazi, Olesha akaendeswa kuAshgabat.

Kuburitswa kwemabasa aYuri Karlovich akatangazve muna 1956. Munguva imwecheteyo, dhayari yake yakaburitswa mune zvinyorwa zveMoscow almanac.

Mafirimu akati wandei akagadzirwa zvichienderana nezvinyorwa zvakanyorwa naYuri Olesha. Akanyora zvakare mazwi efirimu Iyo Gungwa Kudana (1956).

Mukadzi wemunyori uye munyori wemitambo aive mukurumbira muimbi Olga Suok. Iko kune mukadzi uyu kuti Olesha akakumikidza yake inoshamisa ngano "Vatatu Vakakora Varume".

Munyori akakurumbira akashaya muguta guru reUSSR musi waMay 10, 1960. Guva Yuri Karlovich iri Novodevichy kumakuva.

Yakakurumbira nenyaya