Highsmith Patricia: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

Highsmith Patricia: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu
Highsmith Patricia: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

Video: Highsmith Patricia: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

Video: Patricia Highsmith, 74, (1921-1995) writer 2022, Gunyana
Anonim

Zviitiko zvinoshamisa zveudiki uye kuyaruka kwemunyori weAmerica zvakamusarudzira hupenyu hwake hwakaoma uye ndizvo zvezvimwe zvikonzero nei asina kumbobvira ada kuva nemhuri yake.

Highsmith Patricia
Highsmith Patricia

Patricia Highsmith munyori weAmerica akazove anozivikanwa nenyaya dzezvekufunga kwepfungwa uye nhevedzano yemabhuku nezvaTom Ripley.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Uduku

Patricia Highsmith akaberekwa muna Ndira 19, 1921 muFort Worth (Texas, USA), asi pakutanga akarerwa naambuya vake amai vake uye aigara muNew York (akazodaidza nguva ino "gomba diki"), uye gare gare naamai vake Mary Coates naStepfather Stanley Highsmith (Mary akamuroora muna 1924), vaive vatambi vehunyanzvi. Amai vaPatricia vakarambana nababa vaPatricia - Jay Bernard Plangman - mwedzi mishanu asati azvarwa mwanasikana wavo.Kusvikira pazera regumi, Patricia aisaziva kuti Highsmith aive asiri baba vake, asi nababa vake akatanga kusangana paanga atove gumi nembiri. Mudiki Highsmith aive neukama hwakakanganisika naamai vake, kazhinji aigumburisa baba vake vokurera, kunyange gare gare aimboedza kumukunda kudivi rake mumakakatanwa naamai vake. Sekutaura kwakaita Patricia Highsmith, amai vake vakabvuma kuti vakaedza kupedza nhumbu nekumwa turpentine. Highsmith haana kumbobvira akashandiswa kuhukama hwerudo-ruvengo rwakamutambudza kusvika kumagumo ehupenyu hwake, uye akarondedzera mune nyaya "Turtle" (yemukomana akabaya amai vake).

Ambuya vakadzidzisa Patricia kuverenga achiri mudiki. Highsmith akadzidza raibhurari yakakura yaamai vake nababa vokurera. Pazera ramakore masere, Patricia Highsmith akawana Karl Menninger's "Iyo Hunhu Pfungwa" uye akafara nekuongorora varwere vane hurema hwepfungwa senge pyromania uye schizophrenia.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Vechidiki

Mushure mekuenda kuzvikoro zvepuraimari muTexas neNew York, Patricia akaenda kuYulia Richmond High School. Akagadzira tarenda rehunyanzvi rekudhirowa nekuveza kare kwazvo, asi Patricia aida kuve munyori. Paaipinda Bernard College New York, aive mupepeti wemagazini yezvinyorwa zvevadzidzi. Mushure mekupedza kudzidza kukoreji muna 1942 aine BA muChirungu, Highsmith akapinda Columbia University kwechinguva ndokuzotanga kushanda. Iye akachinja akati wandei mabasa, akanyora enyambo bhuku zvinyorwa, aive mutengesi muNew York department chitoro. Patricia akanyora manheru uye kupera kwevhiki, uye koreji nyaya yake pfupi "The Heroine" yakagamuchirwa kuti ibudiswe nemagazini yeHarpers Bazaar ndokudhindwazve muna 1946 muunganidzwa wenyaya pfupi neakakunda mubairo O'Henry.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Kugadzira kwemunyori

  • "Shamwari Dzakangoerekana dzaitika" (1950);
  • Mutengo weMunyu (1953);
  • Hooper (1954);
  • VaTarenda VaRipley (1955);
  • Mvura Yakadzika (1957);
  • Mutambo Wekupona (1958);
  • Ichi Chirwere Chinotapira (1960);
  • "Zviso zviviri zvaNdira" (1961);
  • "Kuchema kweZizi" (1962);
  • Iyo Girazi Cage (1964);
  • Munyori Wemhondi (1965);
  • Avo Vanosiya (1967);
  • Dzinza (1969);
  • "VaRipley Underground" (1970);
  • Rudzikinuro rwembwa (1972);
  • Mutambo waVaRipley (1974);
  • Edith's Diary (1977);
  • "Uyo Akatevera Mr. Ripley" (1980);
  • "Vanhu Vanogogodza Pamusuwo" (1983);
  • Mr. Ripley Underwater (1991);
  • "Zhizha Diki" (1995);
  • Gumi nerimwe (1970);
  • "Ngano" (1974);
  • Bhuku Rekuda Mhuka Bhuku reMhondi Yemhuka (1979);
  • Nhema House (1981);
  • Mermaids paGungwa (1985);
  • Ngano dzezvakasikwa uye zvisizvo (1987);
  • "Hapana chinobata ziso" (2002);
  • "Shamwari Yevanhu Yakanyanya" (2004).
Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Mipiro

1946 - O. Henry Prize "yenyaya yakanaka kwazvo" "Heroine", yakaburitswa mumagazini Harper's Bazaar.

1951 - Akasarudzwa Edgar Allan Poe Mubairo weYakanakisa Debut Novel, Zvakangoitika Shamwari.

1956 - Akasarudzika mubairo weEdgar Allan Poe weBhuku Rakanakisa, Ane Tarenda Mr. Ripley.

1957 - Mubairo Mukuru weFrench Detective Literature Prize yenoveli The Talented Mr. Ripley.

1963 - Edgar Allan Poe Mubairo weYakanakisa Nhau, Turtle.

1964 - Mubairo weDagger muchikamu "Rakanakisa Rwokunze Ruzivo" rakapihwa neAssociation of Crime Vanyori veGreat Britain yenoveli "Maviri Maviri aNdira".

1975 - Mubairo Mukuru weBlack Humor Mubairo we'Amateur d'escargot.

1990 - Mukuru weFrench Order yeArtis uye Tsamba.

Upenyu hwehupenyu

Sekureva kwemunyori wenhoroondo yake Andrew Wilson mubhuku "Akanaka Shadow", hupenyu hwaPatricia Highsmith hwakanga husiri nyore: anga ari chidhakwa, uye mabhuku ake enganonyorwa haana kumbopfuura makore akati wandei, uye kune venguva yake uye vaaizivana navo kazhinji airatidzika seane hutsinye kusvika padanho yekusagadzikana. Iye akasarudza boka remhuka pane vanhu, katsi uye hozhwa dzaigara naye. Iyo yekupedzisira, sekureva kwaHighsmith, yakaisa mukati mayo kudzikama kunoshamisa; mazana emazana emamollusk aya aigara mubindu remunyori, dzimwe nguva aitotora mamwe awo kuenda nawo.

Patricia Highsmith akamboti: "Kufungidzira kwangu kunoshanda zvirinani kana ndikasafanira kutaura nevanhu." Sekureva kweshamwari yake Otto Penzler, “Highsmith aive asina hushamwari, akaoma, asingafadzi, ane hutsinye, asina rudo. "Handina kumbobvira ndakwanisa kunzwisisa kuti sei munhu ari munhu achinyangadza zvakadaro."

Patricia Highsmith aive asina kuroora uye aive asina vana. Patricia pachake akazvitsanangura semusikana, mune tsamba yakanyorerwa Charles Latimer kubva muna 1978 akanyora kuti "… hungave hunyengeri kutenderera nyaya iyi, uye munhu wese anofanirwa kuziva kuti ndiri murume anoremekedzwa." Vamwe vevakararama panguva yake vanomupa kudanana nemunyori weAmerica Maryjane Meeker.

Highsmith akafa musi waFebruary 4, 1995 muLocarno (Switzerland) kubva kuleukemia.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Yakakurumbira nenyaya