Bertolucci Bernardo: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Bertolucci Bernardo: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu
Bertolucci Bernardo: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

Video: Bertolucci Bernardo: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

Video: Bernardo Bertolucci on The Conformist (1970) 2022, Gumiguru
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Nyanduri weNational Literary Prize-anokunda uye Oscar-anokunda mufirimu ndiBernardo Bertolucci.

Bertolucci Bernardo: biography, basa, hupenyu hwehupenyu
Bertolucci Bernardo: biography, basa, hupenyu hwehupenyu

Iye akakurumbira director, sezviri pachena, anorarama nemisimboti ye "munhu ane tarenda ane tarenda mune zvese."

Kuzivikanwa kwehudiki

Akazvarwa Bernardo muna 1940, mumhuri yemupurofesa wehunyanzvi nhoroondo, kubva paudiki anga achigara ari pane seti yemafirimu. Pamwe, anga atove nerudzi urwu rwehunyanzvi, sezvavanotaura, "muropa rake", nekuti nhengo zhinji dzemhuri yake dzakabatana nemabhaisikopo.

Kubva pamakore matanhatu akatanga kutevedzera baba vake - kunyora nhetembo, nekuti airemekedza baba vake Attilio zvakanyanya.

Atova nemakore gumi nemanomwe, Bernardo anopfura amateur firimu "Cable Mota", uye gore gare gare - iyo tepi "Kufa kweNguruve".

Zvisinei, Bertolucci akaenda kunodzidza kuChikoro chePhilology, uye pano tarenda rake rinozviratidza munhetembo: anoburitsa muunganidzwa "Mukutsvaga Chakavanzika", icho chaanogashira iyo National Literary Prize.

Saka kubva kuchikoro, kubva kunongedzo bvunzo, Bernardo akasvika akakosha akakwirira mumabhuku. Uye haana kusiya nhetembo, kunyangwe iyo seti yemafirimu yakamukwezva zvisingaite.

Yakakomba bhaisikopo basa

Apo Bernardo aive nemakore makumi maviri nerimwe, akasangana nemutungamiriri Pasolini uye anomubatsira nekutora mifananidzo. Mushure meizvozvo, nzira yake yakazogadziriswa: akasiya yunivhesiti ndokutanga kuita mafirimu. Basa rake rekutanga raive kupenda "Bony Godfather" nezve kupondwa kwehure uye kuferefetwa kwaro.

Uye sezvo muhupenyu hwake nhetembo inopindirana uye maungira cinema, vatsoropodzi vakaona mune ino firimu chishuwo chemutungamiriri kuratidza "kukunda kwechifananidzo pamusoro peshoko" - pakanga paine panorama dzakawanda, kufamba kwekamera, kuchinjanisa matekinoroji maitiro.

Hazvisi pachena kuti sei, asi Bertolucci achiri nenguva yekunyora nhetembo, uye gore rakatevera akaburitsa muunganidzwa "Mukutsvaga Chakavanzika", icho chaakagashirawo Mubairo weViareggio.

Bernardo Bertolucci akagamuchira mukurumbira wepasirese semutungamiriri weiyo firimu "The Conformist" (1970), umo akaedza kuongorora mavambo epfungwa eiyo fascism. Mushure meizvozvo, akaburitsa mamwe mafirimu akakurumbira epasirese - senge nyaya yekudanana "Yekupedzisira Tango muParis", epic "Iyo Makumi Makumi Makumi Emazana" nezve kupindirana kwemagumo evanhu vakasiyana uye ruvengo mukirasi yavo.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Bertolucci muEngland

Mune ma1980s, mumakore ekudzvinyirira kumashure, Bertolucci haakwanise kuramba ari muItari. Nekutenda, iye mukomunist, asi haana kunyatso tsunga, sezvazvaive zvakaita nemamwe maonero ake pahupenyu - ari kutsvaga nguva dzose kune chimwe chokwadi, achipfuura kubva pane imwe pfungwa kuenda kune imwe.

Mutungamiriri ane mukurumbira aive nenguva yaakange asisiri kufarira madingindira eItaly, uye akatamira kuEngland. Mushure meizvozvo, anoisa mafirimu kune dzakasiyana misoro, anotora akasiyana marudzi, asi anobudirira kwazvo.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Seumbowo - iyo Oscar yemufirimu "The Emperor Emperor" (1987) sefirimu repamusoro regore. Iyi inyaya pamusoro paChinese Emperor - mukomana ane makore matatu ekuberekwa, anogona kuita zvese, kunze kweumwe mudiki: haakwanise kusiya muzinda, uye arimo kunge ari mukutapwa.

Tevere kunouya musoro weBuddhism, iyo director yakabata - iye amene anozvidaidza iye "Buddhist mudzidzi". Muna 1993, kuratidzwa kwemufirimu wake "Little Buddha" muParis kwakatariswa nemuoni chete - iyo Dalai Lama, uye mushure meizvozvo vamwe vaoni vakamuona. Pano director akaedza kuchinjisa izvo zvechiBuddha kune vateereri vasina kujairana navo.

Emperor yekupedzisira
Emperor yekupedzisira

Dzokera kuItaly

Pazera remakore makumi mana nemashanu, Bertolucci akadzokera kuItari, uko kwaakaita mafirimu ezvemitambo mitsva - iyo firimu "Elusive Beauty" uye firimu "Kukombwa".

Kubva pakutanga kwezana ramakore, anoramba achishanda - mafirimu "Varoti" (2003) uye "Ini newe" (2012) anoburitswa. Vatsoropodzi vakanyora kuti firimu rake rekupedzisira ndiro rakatendeseka uye rinotendeseka, zviri nyore. Akaritora akagara pawiricheya - akavhiyiwa akawanda musana.Pano iwe unogona kuona iyo yekucheka-tema theme yemazhinji emafirimu aBertolucci: kuvapo kwegamba munzvimbo yakavharirwa, uko kushandurwa kwake kunoitika.

Uye kana akazova mudetembi, sekutaura kwavo, "nedangwe," nekuti baba vake vaive mudetembi, saka akazove director nekuraira kwemoyo wake. Iye director pachezvake dzimwe nguva aiseka kuti akaedza kuvanda kuseri kwekamera kuitira kunyetedza nekushongedza hupenyu.

Uye muna 2011, Bertolucci akagamuchira Mupiro weCannes Film Festival kuMupiro weArt - uyu ndiye wechipiri Palme d'Or.

Mafirimu aBertolucci

Vatsoropodzi vanokamura filmography yaBertolucci muzvikamu zvinoverengeka:

Nguva yekutanga yenhetembo ndiyo iyo yaaida kukunda izwi iri mumufananidzo, kuratidza nhetembo dzekupenda, mavara, nzvimbo, panorama uye kumeso kwevanhu, kusanganisira madhairirogiridzo, kureva, mazwi, sechimwe chezvinhu zve mifananidzo yakafanana.

Izvo zvinonzi ivhu-rakavakirwa, kana pasi-pasi, iro rakatangwa nefirimu "Strategic of the Spider" uye rakapera netepi "Zana ramakumi maviri".

· Uye pakupedzisira, iyo inonzi nguva yekumhiri kwemakungwa nemaChinese neBuddhist vavariro - mafirimu nekutora nyeredzi dzepasi rese dzemafirimu: mufuremu iri mune Africa, China, Tibet, USA.

Upenyu hwehupenyu

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Sezvatotaurwa, inenge mhuri yese yeBertolucci yakabatana neimwe bhaisikopo. Mugadziri uyu mukoma wake mukuru Giovanni, mudiki Giuseppe munyori wezvekunyora uye director.

Kunyangwe mudzimai wekutanga waBernardo aive mutambi: mumakore ake eudiki akaroora mutambi Adriana Asti. Joint zviitiko uye zvakafanana zvido hazvina kubatsira kuponesa roorano, uye yakaparara nekukurumidza.

Muchato wechipiri waBertolucci wakazove wakasimba kudarika wekutanga: Kwemakore mazhinji Bernardo anga achifara naClaire Piplow, anoshanda semunyori uye mutungamiriri.

Yakakurumbira nenyaya