Munchausen Iyeye: Vatambi Uye Maficha Emufirimu

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Munchausen Iyeye: Vatambi Uye Maficha Emufirimu
Munchausen Iyeye: Vatambi Uye Maficha Emufirimu

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Video: Münchausen Syndrome 2022, Gumiguru
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Same Munchausen mutambo wechipiri weSoviet unotungamirwa naMark Zakharov muna 1979, zvichibva pamabasa emunyori wechiGerman Rudolf Erich Raspe, munyori wenyaya dzekare pamusoro paBaron Münghausen. Iyi firimu yechinamato inoonekwa seyakanakisa basa remutambi anozivikanwa Oleg Yankovsky, uyo akatamba chinzvimbo chikuru mairi.

"Munchausen mumwe chete iyeye": vatambi uye maficha
"Munchausen mumwe chete iyeye": vatambi uye maficha

Iye Same Munghausen inonakidza firimu reSoviet, mutambo wefilosofi une zvinhu zvekusekesa, iyo script yakanyorwa neRussia inokudzwa mutambi wenhau uye satirist Grigory Gorin uye inotungamirwa neyeanozivikanwa theatre uye cinema chimiro Mark Zakharov. Iyo pikicha, yakaburitswa muna 1980, ine chivimbo inobata chiyero pamusoro peasere paKinopoisk uye IMDb, uye pakati pezvimiro zvacho kuseka kukuru, nhaurirano dzinoshamisa, dzakaparadzaniswa kuita makotesheni "kuvanhu", chiitiko chinoshamisa, stellar cast uye vashandi.

Chirongwa chemufirimu

Zviitiko zvinoitika mutaundi reGan Hanover musi waMay 30, 1779. Baron Münghausen anogara kuimba yemadzitateguru pamwe naMartha wake waanoda. Kuti avimbisane nemusikana, anofanirwa kuwana mvumo yekurambana naJacobina von Dutten, mukadzi Karl Münghausen akange akaroora muhudiki hwake nezvikonzero zvinoshanda. Vaviri vacho, avo vasingadanane pachena, vakatove nemwanakomana, Theophilus, uyo, pasi pesimba raamai vake, akakura ari mucheche uye achivenga baba vake.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Kurambana kunogona kungobvumidzwa nemuchinda wemuno, asi Jacobina nemudiwa wake Heinrich Ramkopf, kunyangwe achiedza kwazvo naKarl, vanodzivirira izvi munzira dzese dzinobvira. Jacobina anoda kuzivisa murume wake kupenga uye kutora zvese zvivakwa zveMünghausen, panguva imwechete achichengeta zita remubharoni.

Zvirongwa zvekunyepedzera Jacobina zvine mukana wese wekuzadzikiswa. Icho chokwadi ndechekuti bharon muroti anoshuvira, anozivikanwa mudunhu rese nenyaya dzake. Anoda rusununguko, achirarama nezviroto uye nerudo nenyika, anotaura nezve misangano yake naNewton naShakespeare, nezve cherry bhonzo rakakura pamusoro wechipfuwo kuva muti chaiwo, nezve kuzvikwenya kwaakaita vhudzi rake. Karl anoti haambonyepi, uye kazhinji, kushamisika kwevamwe, nyaya dzake dzinoitika.

Uye rimwe zuva muchinda, apopotedzana nemukadzi wake, anosaina zvese zvikumbiro zvekurambana zvakaunganidzwa muhofisi yake, achishevedzera "All free!" Jacobina anotya achiedza kugadzirisa mamiriro acho ezvinhu, uye Martha anotya kuti mudiwa wake Karl anogona kukanganisa zvese neimwe fungidziro.

Uye zvinoitika - mudare, Münghausen anoti nhasi ndiMay 32, sekuongorora kwake nyeredzi. Mhirizhonga chaiyo inoputika, dare rinoramba kubvumidza kurambana kana baron asingarambe mafungiro ake ese mukunyora uye kuruzhinji. Kwakafanana nerufu kwaari. Asi chakashata chakamumirira chinguva chidiki, apo Marita, munyoro, anonzwisisa uye anoregerera Marita, anoda zvakafanana, achiisa Carl pamberi pesarudzo - angave fungidziro yake, kana iye.

Mushure mekutorerwa kwake, Karl anonyepedzera kuzviuraya uye anova anogara akatsamwa, achichinja zita rake nehunhu, achirasikirwa nezvose zvaive zvinoreva hupenyu hwake. Martha akazadzisa zvaaida, asi uyu mutsva Münghausen, zvakanyanyisa, murimi wemaruva Müller, haakwanise kuda.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Zvichakadaro, akafuridzirwa Jacobina, uyo akagara nhaka yezvinhu zvese zvemurume wake, zvinomuita gamba renyika, achirangarira nyaya dzake uye achipenya mumwaranzi yekubwinya kwake, achigadzirira kuburitsa memoir nezverudo rwavo uye nzendo dzake. Zvishoma nezvishoma, Münghausen anova gamba rakafa, mucherechedzo weguta, rondedzero yake, nziyo uye pendi zvakatsaurirwa kwaari, vanomudana kuti shasha yenguva yake, uye hapana anomuda ari mupenyu. Uye rimwe zuva Baron anofunga kumutsa …

Nyeredzi

Jankowski, uyo akatamba Münghausen, asina chaanopomerwa mudzidziso mufananidzo gamba rake pamadziro. Asi Zakharov aifanira kunyengetedza kanzuru yehunyanzvi kwenguva yakareba kuti uyu mutambi anokodzera basa raMünghausen, murume akazadzwa nerusununguko rwemukati nekutsvinya kwakanaka, kutenda muzvishamiso uye nevanhu.

Yankovsky akaberekerwa muKazakhstan muna 1944, mumhuri ine maPoland neBelarusian midzi. Vabereki vaida hunyanzvi, vaive neraibhurari hombe uye vaikwanisa kupfuudza kuvanakomana vavo vatatu chishuwo chemitambo yechinyakare, mabhuku, uye kupenda. Oleg akapedza kudzidza kubva kuSaratov Theatre Chikoro uye akatanga kutamba munzvimbo yemitambo yemitambo. Ini ndakasvika kumabhaisikopo netsaona - director weanozivikanwa firimu nganonyorwa "Iyo Shield neMunondo" anga achitsvaga vatambi vefirimu rake uye netsaona akacherekedza Oleg, mudiki theatre-goer ane "kazhinji Aryan chitarisiko" muresitorendi mu Lvov, uko Saratov theatre troupe uyo akauya kuzoshanya akadya kudya kwemanheru.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Izvi zvakateverwa nebasa rakapfuma uye rakapfuma raYankovsky, anozivikanwa chimiro chetsika dzeRussia. Muna 2008, mutambi akarwara zvakanyanya ndokufa gore rakatevera. Akavigwa muMoscow musi waMay 20, 2009. Zviuru zvevanhu zvakauya kuzoonekana nemutambi wavo wavanofarira.

Kune iro basa raMartha, vaisakwanisa kuwana mutambi akakodzera kwenguva yakareba. Nyeredzi chaidzo dzinoongorora basa iri: Irina Mazurkevich, Tatyana Dogileva, asi vese havana kukodzera Zakharov. Koreneva akazopedzisira ave mufirimu vashandi netsaona uye mushure mekutsvaga kwenguva refu.

Elena akaberekerwa muMoscow muna 1953 kuvabereki vake avo vakamboshandira Mosfilm kwemakore mazhinji. Ehe, akafananidza ramangwana rake chete nemashiripiti epasi. Akapedza kudzidza kuHigh Higher Theatre Chikoro, akashanda munhandare, akamutangisa dhizaini aine makore gumi nematanhatu, mumutambo wababa vake wemamhanzi. Pamusana peKoreneva anopfuura makumi matanhatu anoshanda mu cinema, mabhuku akati wandei uye mupiro wakakura kuhunyanzvi hweRussia.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Elena ari kushingairira kuita zvemagariro, rudo, anotsigira vanopikisa, kusanganisira Navalny, anoshora "kuwedzera kweCrimea", anotaura pamisangano yekurwisa-hondo uye zvematongerwo enyika. Iye ane yakawanda yemitambo uye zvinyorwa mibairo, firimu mibairo, asi iye haana kupihwa nyika mibairo.

Churikova mutambi anokudzwa, vanhu uye ane mukurumbira, akabata zvizere iyo Order YeMerit kuImba Yababa. Aive akabudirira zvinoshamisa muchiitiko chaJacobina Münghausen, mukadzi anodzvinyirira, anokara, anotsoropodza uye asinganzwisisike anonyengera vamwe.

Churikova akaberekerwa muBashkiria mumatsutso a1943 mumhuri ye "masayendisiti". Baba vake vaidzidzisa kuyunivhesiti yekurima, uye amai vake vaive chiremba wezvekurima sainzi. Mwanasikana haana kutevera mumakwara evabereki vake, achizvisarudzira basa rekugadzira. Ndapedza chikoro, Inna kudzidza kubva Yepamusoro Theatre Chikoro nerukudzo uye akashanda muMoscow theatre. Akaita rake rekutanga firimu semudzidzi, achitamba muye 1960 -anopesana nechitendero firimu "Makore pamusoro peBorsk".

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

The mutambi achiri kushanda nhasi. Munguva pfupi yapfuura, akaonekwa mumitambo yemazuva ano uye mapurojekiti akateedzana, panguva imwechete achiita pachikuva. Iye ane yakawanda mamiriro uye yemitambo mibayiro.

Sekondari varume mabasa

Alexander Abdulov akaridza chinzvimbo chemudiwa waJacobina, iye anonamira henpecked Heinrich Ramkopf. Abdulov akaberekerwa mudunhu reTyumen muna 1953 mumhuri yevanotamba mitambo. Asi iye akange asiri kuzosunga hupenyu hwake kunhandare, aiita zvekukomba, akagamuchira mibairo yemitambo yakati wandei uye zvikamu. Zvino, panguva kuomerera vabereki vake, akapinda GITIS. Akashanda zvakanyanya mumafirimu uye akaita nyeredzi munhandare, akazova mumwe wevanozivikanwa uye vane mukurumbira vatambi veSoviet Union, uyezve Russia. Akafa muna Ndira 2008.

Leonid Bronevoy airidza basa remuchinda mufirimu. Uyu ndiye mumwe wevanokudzwa uye vazhinji vakapihwa vatambi, ngano yeRussia cinema, mubati akazara weOrder of Merit yeNyika Yababa, saChurikova. Akazvarwa muKiev muna 1928, akafa muMoscow muna 2017.

Iyo burgomaster yakaratidzirwa pachiratidziro naIgor Kvasha, mwanakomana wesainzi, mutambi anozivikanwa weRussia, mwanakomana wemakemikari, akaberekerwa muMoscow muna 1933. Akatanga kufarira yemitambo mutaundi diki reSiberia reLenins-Kuznetsky, uko mhuri yake yakabviswa nekutanga kwehondo. Mumakore achangopfuura, anga achishingaira muzvinhu zveveruzhinji, achishoropodza hurumende uye sarudzo dzisina kutendeka. Akafa muna 2012.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Vladimir Dolinsky, mutambi uyo airidza mufundisi, akazivikanwa nebasa iri.Akazvarwa muna 1944 muMoscow, akapedza kudzidza paSchukin School, akatamba munhandare yemitambo. Akaonekwa mumafirimu kubvira 1965, achitamba zvakanyanya mumabasa episodic. Mushure me "Münghausen" akazivikanwa uye akazara paakaundi yake yebasa rake rese anopfuura anopfuura zana mabasa mumafirimu. Mutambi wacho achiri kutora firimu.

Yuri Katin-Yartsev akazova Thomas mufirimu, mushandi akavimbika webaron. Ndiye iye akaziva muridzi mune yakadzika sullen maruva-murimi, apo munhu wese akagutsikana kuti Münghausen afa. Yuri - mumiririri yekare Russian anokudzwa mhuri kubva Ryazan. Akazvarwa muzhizha ra1921 muMoscow, akapedza kudzidza pachikoro chemitambo. Shchukin, akashanda hupenyu hwake hwese munhandare paMalaya Bronnaya uye aionekwa semumwe wevadzidzisi vepamusoro muRussia. Akafa muna 1994.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Mwanakomana weBaron naJacobina Theophilus airidzwa naakakurumbira Leonid Yarmolnik, uyo akaberekerwa mumusha muPrimorsky Territory muna 1954 uye akazova mumwe wevateereri vemafirimu. Pahuduku hwake akapedza muLviv, achishingairira kutamba mitambo, akapedza kudzidza paShchukin School, akashanda munhandare. Leonid akaita firimu rake rekutanga muna 1974 uye akaita basa rakajeka. Mushure mekupunzika kweUSSR, akaramba mibairo yenyika, asingazvione sezvakakosha mumamiriro azvino. Ari kushingairira kuchengetedzwa kwemhuka, anotsoropodza zviremera, asi panguva imwecheteyo anofunga kuti Crimea ndiyo yekutanga nyika yeRussia. Mumakore achangopfuura, aigara achizviwana ari mukutarisisa kwenhepfenyuro nekuda kwehunhu hunonyadzisa.

Sekondari vakadzi mabasa

Lyubov Polishchuk muimbi, mutambi, mudzidzisi uye wemitambo. Iye akaridza basa Little Bertha. Mutori wenhau akaberekwa muchirimo cha1949 muOmsk, kubva paudiki akarota kuita hunyanzvi. Haana kuendeswa kuchikoro cheballet nekuda kwehurefu hwake uye akaenda kunoimba mukwaya yechikoro. Iye kudzidza VTMEI pa `` Rosconcert '', akashanda muna Omsk somunhu Artist pamusoro akataura Genre, uye ipapo akatamira kuMoscow. Akave nemukurumbira nebasa rake semutambi mu "Iwo gumi nemaviri Chairs", akatamba anokwana makumi mapfumbamwe nemaviri emabhaisikopo. Akafa muna 2006.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Nina Palladina, uyo akafananidza mufananidzo waDuke chipangamazano pachiratidziri, ari mutambi wemitambo asingazivikanwe kune anoenda kubhaisikopo. Akazvarwa muna 1933 muchipatara cheguta guru rekuzvitakura, akadzidza paMoscow Art Theatre Chikoro, akamutora dhirivhiti muchikamu chemu 1957 firimu "Duel", yakavakirwa panoverengero rezita rimwe chete naKuprin. On the seti cinema akashanda mumafirimu gumi nemana chete, uye zita rake raigara richikanganiswa mumakadhi. Akafa muna 1996.

Muzvikamu

Muchikamu chidiki chemufirimu, basa remumwe wevatevedzeri vemuchinda akatamba naGrigory Gorin iye pachake. Sezvo iyo pikicha yakatorwa zvakanyanya muGerman, vagari venzvimbo idzodzo, vakapfeka zvakapfeka zvakakodzera, vanotora chikamu mune zvekuwedzera. Rondedzero yakazara yevatambi uye mabasa avo nemifananidzo inoenderana inogona kuoneka paWikipedia.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

"Same Münghausen" firimu rakapinda muzvinyorwa zveRussia cinema, hunyanzvi hwekunakidzwa, mifananidzo uye kutamba kunoshamisa kwevatambi, kuenderana kwenzvimbo, zvipfeko uye mafambiro, mubatanidzwa wakanakisa wenyaya wakadzama, manzwiro akadzama uye nehunyanzvi. honed artistry. Iyi firimu, yakavakwa senge nhoroondo yekuvakazve, haina kunetseka neasina nguva uye ichafadza kunyangwe iyezvino muparadzi muoni.

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