Iyo Rubai YaOmar Khayyam Yakagadzirwa Sei

Iyo Rubai YaOmar Khayyam Yakagadzirwa Sei
Iyo Rubai YaOmar Khayyam Yakagadzirwa Sei

Video: Iyo Rubai YaOmar Khayyam Yakagadzirwa Sei

Video: Omar Khayyam - Rubai | Омар Хайям - Рубаи 2022, Gunyana
Anonim

Omar Khayyam inyanduri mukuru wePezhiya, musayendisiti uye anofunga. Aive mumwe wevakakurumbira vemasvomhu uye vezvemuchadenga vezuva rake. Asi mukurangarira kwekutenda kwevazukuru, kutanga kwezvose, nhetembo dzake dzakachengetedzwa, umo, zvinoita, huchenjeri hwese hwekuMabvazuva hwakaratidzwa.

Iyo rubai yaOmar Khayyam yakagadzirwa sei
Iyo rubai yaOmar Khayyam yakagadzirwa sei

Omar Khayyam akagadzira nhetembo muhupenyu hwake hwese. Sezviri pachena, iwo akanyorwa mune zvisingawanzo nguva yekuzorora kubva kuzvidzidzo zvesainzi. Yakagadzirirwa mweya pamwe nedenderedzwa rakamanikana reshamwari, ivo vanozivikanwa zvakanyanya nekuda kwechimiro chinozivikanwa chevanhu - rubai. Rubaiyas ndiwo quatrains mune iyo yekutanga, yechipiri uye yechina mitsara yakakwenenzverwa. Kazhinji ivo vaive vasina kunyorwa, asi vakapfuudza "kubva pamuromo kuenda pamuromo."

Imwe neimwe yequayrains yaKhayyam inomutsa kuenzanisa nhetembo diki. Uye zvakare, ivo vanogona kutorwa semafirosofi mifananidzo, ine mhinduro kumibvunzo yekusingaperi yehupenyu. Mudetembi anoratidza mavari pamusoro pezvakanaka nezvakaipa, rusununguko nehusungwa, hudiki nekuchembera, hupenyu nerufu. Haana kukwanisa kusvika pakubatana nehuipi huri kutonga munyika, akafunga nezve kupera kwenguva kwehupenyu hwevanhu. Kusava nechokwadi nezvechimiro chinowirirana chechisiko chakamanikidza mudetembi kuti atarise mukatikati memweya wake uye aone mairi matumba ekudenga uye gomba rakadzika-dzika regehena. Zvisinei, haana kumborasa rutendo muhupenyu, achikudza rudo uye runako rwechikadzi: “Iwe, wandasarudza, unondida kwazvo. Moyo une shungu unopisa, kupenya kwemaziso ndokwangu."

Vashoma vanoziva nezvesainzi mabasa aOmar Khayyam, asi vanhu vazhinji vakanzwa imwe mitsara yenhetembo dzake. Inoita kunge inonzwisisika uye inokwanisika rubyes inokumisa iwe ufunge nezve zvinoreva hupenyu. Hechino chimwe chezano rake risingafi: "Iwe unofa nenzara pane kudya chero chinhu, uye zvirinani kuva wega pane kungova nemumwe munhu."

Omar Khayyam aive kumberi kwenguva yake. Nekuda kweizvozvo, nhetembo dzake dzinonyanya kufarira chizvarwa chemazuva ano kupfuura avo vaigara panguva imwe chete nanyanduri mukuru. Munguva yehupenyu hwake, aizivikanwa chete sesainzi yakatanhamara. Mushure mekufa kwake, mazhinji maRuby akaverengerwa kwaari. Huwandu hwavo hwakakura zvakatsiga, uye nekutanga kwezana ramakore makumi maviri vakapfuura zviuru zvishanu. Nhasi hazvigoneke kutsanangura kuti ndiani wavo aive Khayyam. Vatsvakurudzi vanomutora semunyori we300-500 rubles.

Kwenguva yakareba, Omar Khayyam akange akanganwika. Chete muhafu yepiri yezana ramakore rechi19 apo kabhuku kane nhetembo dzake kakawira mumaoko emudetembi wechiRungu Edward Fitzgerald. Akatanga kududzira mazhinji eRubai muchiLatin, uyezve kuChirungu. Kunyangwe paine chokwadi chekuti shanduro dzaFitzgerald dzakadudzira mabasa aKhayyam zvakasununguka, nekuda kwavo nyanduri wePezhiya akawana mukurumbira wepasirese. Kuda nhetembo yaOmar Khayyam kwakamutsa kufarira muzviitiko zvake zvesainzi, izvo zvakawanikwazve uye zvakashandurwazve.

Yakakurumbira nenyaya