Olga Fedorovna Berggolts: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Olga Fedorovna Berggolts: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwehupenyu
Olga Fedorovna Berggolts: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Kukombwa kweLeningrad peji rinotyisa munhoroondo yeGreat Patriotic War. Chiratidzo chaicho cheushingi, kutsungirira, kuda kwevanhu veLeningrad mavhesi anobaya aOlga Berggolts. Vakatsigira guta mumazuva akaomesesa, navo vagari vakasangana nekumirira kwakamirirwa kwenguva refu kweye blockade mhete. Hupenyu hwanyanduri hwaienderana nenguva - zvakango netsa, zvizere nekurasikirwa, kukundwa, kukunda kukuru uye kudiki.

Olga Fedorovna Berggolts: biography, basa uye hupenyu hwepamoyo
Olga Fedorovna Berggolts: biography, basa uye hupenyu hwepamoyo

Ipfupi biography: hudiki uye kuyaruka

Olga Berggolts akaberekerwa muSt.Petersburg, muna 1910. Mhuri iyi yaive diki, asi ine hushamwari, Olga aigara achirangarira baba vake, amai, hanzvadzi yaMaria. Mushure mechimurenga, baba vangu vakatamisa mhuri yavo kuenda Uglich, ivo ndokuenda kumberi. Amai nevanasikana vaigara muEpiphany Monastery, mhuri iyi yakakwanisa kusanganazve mushure mekudzoka kwababa.

Muna 1926, Olga akapedza chikoro chevashandi uye akapinda muInstitute of Art Nhoroondo. Aigara achinyora nhetembo, saka musikana uyu aive asina kusahadzika nezve sarudzo yake yehupenyu. Kubvira muna 1930 anga ari mudzidzi weDhipatimendi rePhilology yeLitari Institute. Pamwe chete nezvidzidzo zvake, Olga anoshanda mune rimwe remapepanhau eLeningrad. Mushure mekupedza kudzidza kuyunivhesiti, akaendeswa kuKazakhstan, kwaakanyorera pepanhau "Soviet Step" kwemakore matatu. Kudzokera kuLeningrad, Bergolts akawana basa muhofisi yemapepanhau "Electrosila".

Kushanda semunyori kwakapa anoshuvira munyori zvakawanda - yaive panguva ino pakazvarwa mazano emabasa emangwana: enganonyorwa, nyaya uye nhetembo. Sezvineiwo, Olga pakutanga akaronga kunyorera vana - zvinyorwa zvake zvekuyedza zvakakosheswa naKorney Chukovsky.

Muna 1934 Bergholz akagamuchirwa kuVanyori 'Union. Zvisinei, apa ndipo panoguma basa remuenzaniso remunyori anotungamira weSoviet. Zvematongerwo enyika zvinokanganisa ramangwana - pamanyepo enhema ekuva nehukama nevavengi vevanhu, mudetembi anosungwa. Bergholz akapedza mwedzi mitanhatu inotyisa mutirongo. Kusingaperi kubvunzurudzwa uye kushungurudzwa zvakamumirira, zvichipera nerufu rwemwana asati azvarwa. Mushure mekusunungurwa kwake, munyori akadzoreredzwa zvachose.

Iko kuvharirwa uye kubudirira kwehunyanzvi hwekunyora

Hondo yakawana Olga Fedorovna muLeningrad. Kubva pamazuva ekutanga aakashanda panhepfenyuro, akabata zvirongwa, akaverenga mishumo kubva kumafaro uye nhetembo dzake dzinotsigira mweya weLeningrader. Pakutanga kwekuvharirwa, Bergholz aive nemukana wekubuda, asi akafunga kugovera ramangwana reguta ndokugara, achienderera mberi nekushanda panhepfenyuro. Panguva ino, "Nhetembo yeLeningrad" yakasikwa, kubva kune iyo nyika yese yakadzidza nezve hupenyu, hushingi uye kurwira kwevaLeningrader vakakomberedzwa neringi yevavengi. NdiOlga Berggolts uyo akazivisa kupera kwekuvharirwa. Pamabasa ake kugamba-guta, mudetembi akagamuchira menduru "YeDziviriro yeLeningrad", iyo yakapihwa varwi.

Upenyu hwehupenyu

Hupenyu hwemhuri hwaOlga Berggolts hwazara nekurasikirwa. Munyori akaroora katatu, akarota nezvevana, asi akapedza zana rake ega. Murume wokutanga Olga aiva Boris Kornilov. Vaviri ava vaive nemwanasikana, uyo akafa nekushaya kwemoyo mwedzi mishoma gare gare. Mhedzisiro yemuchato wekutanga yaive kurambana, uye makore mashoma gare gare Nikolai akapfurwa semuvengi wevanhu.

Wechipiri murume weBerggolts aive Nikolai Molchanov, akafa nenzara mune inotyisa yeLeningrad yechando ya1942. Kubva kumuchato uyu, Olga aigona kuve nemwana - asi muna 1938, mushure mekusungwa, mwana akazvarwa akafa muchipatara chemujeri.

Muchato wechitatu wakaitika mushure mehondo, muna 1949. Literary muongorori Georgy Makogonenko akazova murume wemunyori. Vaviri ava vakagara kwemakore gumi nemaviri uye vakarambana. Kuguma kwehupenyu hwake Bergholz aigara ega, akabatsirwa chete nehanzvadzi yake yaaida Maria. Rufu rwakabata Olga mangwanani, pazera remakore makumi matanhatu nemashanu. Mariro akagumburwa, nekuda kwechinangwa chevakuru, vatambi veLeningrader havana kukwanisa kutaura zvakanaka kumudetembi wavo anodikanwa. Bergholz akavigwa kumakuva eVolkovskoye. Mabhuku "Nhetembo yeLeningrad", "Masikati Nyeredzi", "Kukadzi Diary" akave chiyeuchidzo chaicho kwaari.

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