Alexander Shokhin: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Alexander Shokhin: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu
Alexander Shokhin: Biography, Zvisikwa, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Kana mamiriro ehupfumi nehupfumi achichinja mudunhu, zviito zvisina tsarukano uye zvisina hanya zvinogona kutungamira kumhedzisiro. Iko kuchinjika kweiyo nyika hupfumi mashandiro kubva kune yakarongwa hwaro kuenda kumusika imwe kwaiperekedzwa neakanyanya uye anorwadza maatambudziko. Njodzi dzakadzivirirwa nekuda kwehurongwa hwakanyatso fungwa-hwekuita sarudzo. Alexander Nikolaevich Shokhin anoshingairira kutora chikamu mukuchinja kwehupfumi hweRussia.

Alexander Shokhin
Alexander Shokhin

Mikana uye tarisiro

Zvinoenderana netsika dziri kushanda munyika dzakabudirira, iyo biography yemunhu weveruzhinji inoongororwa kune idiki diki uye kuyerwa zvichienderana neyakaomesesa maitiro. Uye iwe unofanirwa kuve wakagadzirira izvi. Parizvino, Alexander Nikolaevich Shokhin akabata chinzvimbo cheMutungamiri weRussia Union yeVashandi veMabhizimusi neveEmabhizimusi. Zviri nyore kufunga kuti yakadai inomira basa posvo inogona kungotorwa chete nemunhu akadzidziswa. Uye kwete chete rakagadzirirwa zvine hunyanzvi, asi zvakare nehungwaru nehupenyu hwezuva nezuva.

Maererano nekupinda gwaro rekuzvarwa, Alexander Shokhin akaberekwa musi waDecember 25, 1951. Mhuri panguva iyoyo yaigara mudunhu rePlesetsk mudunhu reArkhangelsk. Zvinonakidza kucherechedza kuti vabereki vemukomana vaive vashandi. Baba vake vaishanda semutyairi, uye amai vake vaive mudzidzisi wepuraimari kuchikoro. Kana Sasha aine makore matatu ekuberekwa, vabereki vake vakatamira padhuze neMoscow, uko panguva iyoyo kuvakwa kwekuchenesa oiri kwaiitika. Basa rekuvaka raive razara, uye hupenyu hwevashandi hwaive huri kusimuka, sezvavanotaura, pamberi pedu.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Pakusvika kunzvimbo yavo nyowani yekugara, vaShokhin vakagara mubharaki. Kwapera gore, ivo vakapihwa nzvimbo yekugara mufurati. Uye mushure mechinguva ivo vakagovera imba yekudyara munzvimbo yekugara yeguta guru. Sezviri pachena, Alexander aisada mashandiro akadaro, uye, ari munhu akakura, akarwa zvine simba kusunungura nyika kubva kuzvisungo zvemagariro kuvagari. Panguva iyi, mukomana akaenda kuchikoro uye akaratidza kugona kudzidza. Ini handina kupihwa menduru yegoridhe, asi pakanga pasina katatu mune chitupa chekudzidzira.

Izvo zvinofanirwa kucherechedzwa kuti Alexander aipfeka magirazi kubva paudiki. Kuona kwakaderera kwakadzora sarudzo yeshizha. Ehezve, dai vabereki vaishandira mumadhipatimendi ehumiriri kana yekutengesa mishoni kuchitsuwa chiri kure cheCeylon, saka chimwe chinhu chaigona kuitwa. Asi pasi pemamiriro chaiwo, kunyangwe kuodha magirazi nema lens akakodzera kwanga kusiri nyore. Atove akayera zvese zviripo zvekufungisisa uye nharo, Shokhin akasarudza kuwana dzidzo yepamusoro paFakitori Yezvematongerwo Ehupfumi eMoscow State University.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Basa kukura

Shokhin akagamuchira kadhi rake revadzidzi veMSU muna 1969. Mumazuva iwayo, chikoro ichi chaionekwa seimwe yepamusoro papasi. Pano, kwete chete vagari veSoviet Union vakagamuchira ruzivo rwepamusoro, asiwo vamiririri vakanakisa vevechidiki vanobva kunyika dzakasiyana. Nehurombo, panguva ino chiyero cheyunivhesiti chakadzikira, sezvavanotaura, "pazasi peiyo plinth." Alexander akanzwisisa zvakajeka zvinangwa zvinofanirwa kuzadzikiswa uye azvino mabasa akatarisana naye. Mukati memadziro yeyunivhesiti, akasangana nevamwe vezera rake vakave vakakurumbira mune zvematongerwo enyika nemabhizinesi.

Agamuchira red diploma muna 1974, Alexander Shokhin akauya kuzoshanda muUSSR State Planning Committee. Akagamuchirwa semuongorori mudiki kuInstitute Institute of Economics pasi peichi chimiro. Wechidiki nyanzvi anotarisana nezvinetso zvesangano revashandi kumabhizinesi emaindasitiri akasiyana siyana. Munguva iyoyo, kudzikira kwehuwandu hwekukura kwehupfumi hwenyika hwakatove pachena. Kubudirira kwevashandi kwaive kwakaderera kupfuura kune nyika dzemusasa wevapambi. Tsvagiridzo yakaitwa yaita chakakonzera kuvandudza zvimwe zviratidzo. Asi maitiro akaumbwa haana kuchinjwa.Sekureva kwesainzi, nyika yaida shanduko huru.

Mufananidzo
Mufananidzo

Basa raAlexander Shokhin sesainzi rakafambira mberi zvinobudirira. Muna 1986 akadzivirira Ph.D. tsananguro yake, uye gore rakazotevera akakokwa kuti ashande semupi wezano kubazi rezvekunze. Kwemakore mana Shokhin akanyatso kutungamira iyo Dhipatimendi reInternational Economic Relations ku Ministry yekune dzimwe nyika. Muna 1989 akadzivirira dissertation yake yechiremba uye akatungamira iyo Institute for Employment Problems yeHurumende Labor Committee. Sayenzi uye inoshanda yekugadzira ndeye kuravira kwake, asi makore maviri gare gare iyo yose Soviet system inodonha.

Munguva yeshanduko kubva pasocialism kuenda kumusika wemusango, uyo unowanzo kuve unotsanangurwa seyakaitika kubva muna 1991 kusvika 1996, Alexander Shokhin ari kushanda nesimba muHurumende yeRussian Federation. Kana mamiriro pamwe nekuvandudzwa kwehupfumi kwaive pachena, saka nyaya dzezvematongerwo enyika dzaida kudzidza kwakadzama. Chirevo chakakurumbira "kubva kune umwe neumwe sekugona kwake, kune umwe neumwe maererano nebasa rake" chakarasika hwaro hwezvinhu. Mari inowanikwa yechikamu chakakosha chevagari yaisanganisira kwete kwete chete mibairo, asiwo neyepfuma rendi.

Ruzhinji uye basa rezvematongerwo enyika

Kubva 1996, pakatemwa hukuru hwekuvandudza nyika, Alexander Shokhin aishingairira kuita zvematongerwo enyika. Kukosha kwedare iri kwaive nenyaya yekuti padanho remutemo rekusimbisa shanduko idzo dzakaitika munharaunda nehupfumi. Chiremera nyanzvi inosarudzwa kuHurumende Duma, uko nhaurirano dzakatsamwa dzinoitika. Zvinonzwisisika kucherechedza kuti kusimba kwehurukuro idzi hakuna kuderera kunyangwe panguva ino. Hupenyu chaihwo hunogara huchikanda matambudziko matsva.

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Mufananidzo

Muna 2005, Shokhin akasarudzwa purezidhendi weRussia Union yeVashambadziri neveEmabhizimusi. Mune ino posvo, mumwe anofanirwa kubata nenyaya dzakasiyana siyana dzinomuka mukugadzirwa nekuparadzirwa kwezvinhu zvemidziyo. Kunyanya kutariswa kunobhadharwa kutevedzera mitemo yevashandi uye zvehunyanzvi zvinodiwa munzvimbo yebasa. Makambani eRussia anofanirwa kutora chinzvimbo chakasimba mumusika wepasi rose. Nehurombo, kunze kwezvinhu zvekutanga zvigadzirwa, hapana chimwe chinopa vatengi vekunze. Iri rekutanga basa rinofanirwa kuitwa munguva ipfupi inogoneka.

Kusiyana nehupfumi, hupenyu hwepamoyo hwaAlexander Nikolaevich Shokhin hunoenderera pasina njodzi dzakakomba. Murume nemukadzi vakasangana mukati memakore avo evadzidzi uye vakakwanisa kuchengetedza kubatana kwavo nanhasi. Vakarera nekurera vana vaviri - mukomana nemwanasikana. Nhasi vanaShokhin vane vazukuru vashanu, asi uyu hausi iwo muganho. Musoro wemhuri unoramba uchishanda uye haufunge nezvekurega basa.

Yakakurumbira nenyaya