Alexandra Nikolaevna Pakhmutova: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

Alexandra Nikolaevna Pakhmutova: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwehupenyu
Alexandra Nikolaevna Pakhmutova: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Alexandra Pakhmutova - munyori kunozivikanwa, nziyo dzake vava chiratidzo Soviet nguva. Ane nziyo dzinopfuura mazana mana paaccount yake, uyezve akazove munyori wemabasa mazhinji enhetembo. Yakanyanya kubereka yaive yekubatana basa nanyanduri Dobronravov Nikolai, akazova murume wePakhmutova.

Alexandra Pakhmutova
Alexandra Pakhmutova

Makore ekutanga, kuyaruka

Alexandra Nikolaevna akazvarwa musi waNovember 9, 1929. Mhuri yaigara mumusha. Beketovka padyo neStalingrad (Volgograd). Musikana uyu aive nechipo, akatanga kugona piyano aine makore matatu uye akatanga kuuya nemimhanzi. Pashure pemakore maviri, musikana wacho akaendeswa kuchikoro chemimhanzi.

Munguva yehondo, mhuri yakaburitswa kuKaraganda, uko Alexandra akaramba achidzidza mimhanzi. Pazera remakore gumi nemana, akaenda kuguta guru ndokupinda chikoro chemimhanzi pa Conservatory yakatumidzwa zita. Tchaikovsky.

Pakhmutova akapinda mudenderedzwa revanyori vakagadzirwa naNikolai Peyko naVissarion Shebalin. Akabva ava mudzidzi kuConservatory. Tchaikovsky. Alexandra akadzidza mukiriniki yevanyori. Muna 1953, iye akagamuchira dhipuroma, aive akapedza kudzidza kwemakore matatu, uye akadzivirira chinyorwa chake.

Mumhanzi

Alexandra akashanda mumhando dzakasiyana siyana uye akanyora mabasa enhetembo. Ballet zveshuwa zvakaiswa mumhanzi wake. Pakhmutova akapa yakawanda nguva kuti nziyo pachikuva. Nziyo dzake dzakakurumbira.

Rwiyo rwekunyora runotora nzvimbo yakakosha. "Hunyoro" yaive rwiyo rwaidiwa naYuri Gagarin. Rwiyo "Melody" rwakaverengerwa mumutambo weMuslim Magomayev.

Pakhmutova akava munyori wenziyo - nziyo dzemitambo ("Gwara haritambe hockey", "Chikwata chedu chevechidiki"). Muna 1980, Komiti yeOlympic yakamutuma kuti arohwe mumhanzi wemufirimu "Ah mutambo, ndimi nyika!"

Alexandra Nikolaevna akabatana naNikolai Dobronravov kwemakore mazhinji, rwiyo "Gara zvakanaka, Moscow!" Moscow Olimpiki. Akanyorawo nziyo dzinobva munhetembo dzaRozdestvensky Robert nevamwe vadetembi vane mukurumbira, asi kubatana kwake naDobronravov kwakaratidza kuve kwakanyanya kubereka. Yekutanga basa rekubatana raive rwiyo "Motor Boat".

Nziyo dzaPakhmutova dzakabatanidzwa munhoroondo yaKobzon Joseph, Leshchenko Lev, wechiGerman Anna, Piekha Edita, Boyarsky Mikhail nevamwe vanoita mukurumbira. Nziyo dzake dzakaimbwa nemapoka eWestern ("Kreis", "Living Sound").

Pakhmutova ane akawanda mazita uye mibairo. Iye ane Order yeMerit yeYababa, iye wePeople's Artist. Aleksandra Nikolaevna anoshingairira kutora chikamu muhupenyu hwenyika, anogara achienda kumitambo yemimhanzi senhengo yejuri kana semushanyi.

Upenyu hwehupenyu

Dobronravov Nikolay akazova murume waAlexandra Nikolaevna, vakasangana muna 1956. Panguva iyoyo, Dobronravov aive nebasa kuAll-Union Radio. Pashure pemwedzi mitatu, Alexandra naNikolai vakaroora. Ivo havana vana, asi ivo vanochengeta vana vane tarenda. Vakaroorana vanogara muMoscow.

Pakhmutova anofarira nhabvu, pamwe nemurume wake anofarira timu yenyika yeRussia.

Yakakurumbira nenyaya