Mutongi WeTurkey Ataturk Mustafa Kemal: Biography

Mutongi WeTurkey Ataturk Mustafa Kemal: Biography
Mutongi WeTurkey Ataturk Mustafa Kemal: Biography

Video: Mutongi WeTurkey Ataturk Mustafa Kemal: Biography

Video: «Эпоха перемен». Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк 2022, Gunyana
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Mustafa Kemal Ataturk inozivikanwa kune vese vanogara muTurkey. Reformer uye wezvematongerwo enyika, anotora chikamu muchimurenga musangano muTurkey uye mutungamiri wekutanga weRepublic of Turkey. Zita raMustafa Kemal riri pamusoro pamwe nevatungamiriri vane mukurumbira vemasununguko erusununguko enyika dzakasiyana

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

Nhoroondo yaMustafa Kemal Ataturk

Mustafa Kemal akaberekerwa kuGreece muTesaronika muna 1881. Zuva rake chairo rekuzvarwa harizivikanwe. Zvimwe zvinyorwa zvinoratidza Kurume 12, vamwe - Chivabvu 19. Musi wekutanga unofungidzirwa semutemo, uye wechipiri akazvisarudzira mushure mekutanga kwekurwira rusununguko rweTurkey. Iro chairo zita remutungamiriri mukuru weTurkey Mustafa Riza. Akawedzera zita remadunhurirwa rekuti Kemal kuzita rake achifunda pachikoro chemauto neruzivo rwake rwemasvomhu. Zita Ataturk - baba vokuTurkey - Mustafa akagamuchira mushure kuzivikanwa ake mutungamiri wenyika.

Mhuri yaMustafa ndivo vakuru vetsika. Panguva yekuzvarwa kwaMustafa, Thessaloniki yaive pasi pehutongi hweTurkey uye yaitambura nekudzvinyirirwa kwakasimba kwehurumende nyowani. Baba naamai vaMustafa vaive maTurkey neropa, asi panogona kuve nemadzitateguru emaGreek, maSlav kana maTatar mumhuri. Mukuwedzera kuna Mustafa, mhuri yakanga iine vamwe vana vatatu. Mukoma nemunin'ina vakafa vachiri vacheche, uye sisi vakararama kusvika vakura.

Mukomana akawana dzidzo yepuraimari muchikoro chevaMuslim, zvino pazera remakore gumi nemaviri anoenda kuchikoro chemauto. Unhu hwejaya racho hwakanga hwakaoma. Aizivikanwa semunhu asina hunhu, ane hasha uye asinganetsi. Mustafa aive anoshingaira uye akazvimirira mwana. Chaizvoizvo pasina kutaurirana nevezera rake nehanzvadzi yake, Mustafa akasarudza kuve ega. Haana kuteerera kune vamwe pfungwa uye haana kubvuma. Mune ramangwana, izvi zvakakanganisa basa rake uye hupenyu. Mustafa Kemal akaita vavengi vazhinji.

Mabasa ezvematongerwo enyika aMustafa Kemal

Ndichiri kudzidza kuOttoman Academy yeGeneral Staff, Mustafa aifarira kuverenga mabhuku naVoltaire, Rousseau. Akadzidza nhoroondo dzevanhu vakakurumbira venhoroondo. Ipapo ndipo pakatanga kubuda nyika yake uye kuda nyika. Semutariri, Mustafa akaratidza kufarira vechidiki veTurkey, avo vaitsigira rusununguko rweTurkey kubva kumaOttoman sultans

Mushure mekupedza kudzidza, Mustafa Kemal akaronga mapato akavanzika akati wandei aibatanidzwa mukurwisa huwori muhurumende yeTurkey. Pamabasa ake, akasungwa akaendeswa kuDhamasiko, kwaakatangisa bato reVatan. Iri bato parizvino nderimwe remasangano ane mukurumbira muTurkey.

Muna 1908, Mustafa akatora chikamu muYoung Turkish Revolution. Bumbiro remutemo ra1876 rakadzoreredzwa, asi pakanga pasina shanduko huru munyika. Kemal yakachinjira kumabasa echiuto.

Basa remauto raMustafa Kemal

Semutungamiriri ane tarenda uye mutungamiri wemauto, Mustafa Kemal akazviratidza panguva yeHondo Yenyika Yekutanga. Yokurwira neAnglo - French kumhara muDardanelles akagamuchira zita rekuti Pasha. Mubasa remauto reKemal, kukunda kwa1915 muhondo dzeKirechtepe neAnafartalar kwakabuda. Zvakare kucherechedzwa ibasa rake mu Ministry of Defense.

Mushure mekuguma kweHondo Yenyika Yekutanga, nyika yakatanga kuparara ikaenda munzvimbo dzakasiyana. Mustafa akakumbira kuchengetedza kubatana kwenyika, uye muna 1920 akagadzira paramende nyowani - Grand National Assembly yeTurkey. Pamusangano wekutanga, Mustafa Kemal akasarudzwa mutungamiri wehurumende uye sachigaro weparamende. Muna Gumiguru 1923, Mustafa anova Mutungamiriri weTurkey Republic.

SaMutungamiri weTurkey, Kemal akaita shanduko zhinji kuita kuti nyika iwedzere kuitika. Akatsigira shanduko muhurongwa hwedzidzo, akavandudza magariro, uye akadzorera kuzvimirira kwehupfumi kweTurkey.

Upenyu hwehupenyu

Mukadzi wepamutemo waMustafa Kemal aive Latifa Ushakligil. Zvisinei, muchato wacho wakatora makore maviri chete.Sekureva kwevatsigiri vaAtaturk, mukadzi akapindira mune zvemurume wake, ndicho chikonzero chekurambana. Mustafa aive asina vana vake. Akatora kurerwa kwevana vakarerwa - vasikana vasere nevanakomana vaviri. Vanasikana vaMustafa Kemal Ataturk vakave muenzaniso werusununguko uye rusununguko rwemukadzi weTurkey. Mumwe wevanasikana akazove munyori wenhoroondo, mumwe wacho akazova mukadzi mutyairi wekutanga muTurkey.

Mustafa Kemal akafa musi waNovember 10, 1938.

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