Zabolotsky Nikolai Alekseevich: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

Zabolotsky Nikolai Alekseevich: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu
Zabolotsky Nikolai Alekseevich: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

Video: Zabolotsky Nikolai Alekseevich: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Nikolai Zabolotsky aive mudetembi, mushanduri, ane yake nhetembo dudziro yeakakurumbira monument yezvinyorwa zvekare zveRussia. Asingatarisirwe panguva yehupenyu hwake, akadzingwa kubva mumabhuku madenderedzwa mushure mekufa kwake, Zabolotsky, zvakadaro, anonzi mumiriri we "Bronze Age" yenhetembo dzeRussia.

Nikolay Zabolotsky
Nikolay Zabolotsky

Hupenyu nzira

Zabolotsky akaberekwa muna 1903 muKizicheskaya Sloboda kusiri kure neKazan, kwaakapedza hudiki hwake. Akazvarwa mumhuri yemudzidzisi uye agronomist, Nikolai akatanga kuratidza kufarira mabhuku kubva paudiki. Atova mugiredhi rechitatu, akatanga kuburitsa rake rakanyorwa nemaoko, kwaakaisa nhetembo dzekutanga.

Pazera remakore gumi, Zabolotsky akapinda chikoro muguta reUrzhuma, saka, atova muna 1920, akava mudzidzi paMoscow Medical University. Kunyange zvazvo murume wechidiki aifarira kemesitiri, kuda mabhuku uye nehunyanzvi zvinotora muripo, mushure memwedzi mitanhatu yekudzidziswa, N. Zabolotsky anosiya yunivhesiti. Nokukurumidza pashure, nyanduri ramangwana akatamira St. Petersburg uye vakapinda Pedagogical Institute. Herzen.

Ndapedza chikoro, Nikolai Zabolotsky anoshanda muchiuto, pano iye rinoburitsa muchiuto pepanhau. Mumakore aya, Zabolotsky akatanga kuumba semunyori. Pamwe nevamwe vadetembi-vanyori venguva iyoyo - Vvedensky, Kharms, Bakhterev, akaronga Association of Real Art. Zabolotsky anowana basa muDhipatimendi remabhuku evana OGIZ, anoshanda mumagazini evana.

Kutanga kwekugadzira

Yekutanga kuunganidzwa kwemabasa naZabolotsky "Columns", yakawana mhinduro mumoyo yevatsoropodzi, yakaburitswa muna 1929. Nikolai Zabolotsky anobata nyaya dzetsika nehungwaru mubasa rake, izvi zvinonyanya kuratidzwa munhetembo yemakore iwayo "Kukunda Kwekurima". Bhuku rechipiri remunyori rakaburitswa pasi pezita rimwe chete muna 1933.

Muna 1938, Nikolai Zabolotsky akapomerwa mhosva yekupokana neSoviet uye akatapwa - kutanga kuKomsomolsk-on-Amur, ndokuzoenda kuAltaylag. Mushure memakore mashanu ejeri, mudetembi akasunungurwa. Akatamira kuKaraganda, kwaakashanda pane inozivikanwa "Lay yeIgor's Regiment."

Muna 1946, Nikolai Alekseevich Zabolotsky akagamuchira mvumo yekudzokera kuMoscow. Pano iye anogara, ari kuita okugadzira zvinhu uye shanduro. Muna 1948 muunganidzwa mutsva wenhetembo wakaburitswa.

Upenyu hwehupenyu

Muna 1930, N. Zabolotsky akabudirira akaroora Ekaterina Klykova, akapedza kudzidza paYunivhesiti imwechete yekudzidzisa iyo mudetembi akapedza kudzidza. Mumakore ekuiswa mutirongo kwaZabolotsky, varoorani vacho vari mutsamba dzinoshanda. Mushure mekudzokera kwake kuMoscow, hukama hwakakanganisika, muna 1955 E. Klykova akasiya murume wake kuna Vasily Grossman, asi mushure memakore matatu akadzokera kumunyori.

Mushure mekuunganidzwa kwekupedzisira kwenhetembo, mudetembi anonyora zvese, achitya kuita kwevakuru. Nguva yakadaro yekunyarara inogara kusvika panguva yeThaw; bhuku rinotevera raZabolotsky rakaburitswa muna 1957 chete. Nguva pfupi izvi zvisati zvaitika, mudetembi akatambura chirwere chemwoyo chekutanga, uye muna 1958 kumwe kwakaitika - N. Zabolotsky aisakwanisa kurarama.

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