Lyudmila Mikhailovna Pavlichenko: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwepamoyo

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Lyudmila Mikhailovna Pavlichenko: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwepamoyo
Lyudmila Mikhailovna Pavlichenko: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwepamoyo

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Video: Людмила Павличенко - о снайперах Великой Отечественной войны (1973) 2022, Gumiguru
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Lyudmila Pavlichenko mukadzi anozivikanwa sniper akauraya maGerman ma309. Ndiye Gamba reSoviet Union. Kumadokero, akatumidzwa zita remadunhurirwa rekuti "Colt Mukadzi" uye "Mukadzi Kufa".

Lyudmila Pavlichenko
Lyudmila Pavlichenko

Biography

Lyudmila akaberekerwa muguta reBelaya Tserkov (kudunhu reKiev) muna Chikunguru 12, 1916. Baba vake vaive mushandi, ndokuzova mukuru weNKVD. Mai vacho vaive nehunhu hwakanaka. Kubva pamakore makumi matatu, mhuri yakatanga kugara muKiev.

Somwana, Lyudmila aida kuva mudzidzisi, pashure chikoro akapinda yunivhesiti. Ndichiri mudzidzi wepachikoro chepamusoro, Luda akatanga kushanda kufekitori. Akanga ari mutendeuka, uye akazova mhizha.

Vechidiki vakabva vaedza kuwana hunyanzvi hwemauto, uye musikana akasarudza kuenda padenderedzwa repfuti. Akabudirira kupfuura zvese zviyero, ipapo Lyudmila akashevedzwa kuenda kune sniper chikoro, kwaakazova mudzidzi akaisvonaka. Pakutanga kwehondo, Pavlichenko aive muOdessa. Iye akaita internship, akanyora dhipuroma.

Achinzwa kuti hondo yatanga, musikana akaenda kunyoresa muchiuto uye kunyoresa hofisi, akashevedzwa kumberi. Asi ipapo aive asina pfuti, vakatorwa havana kupihwa zvombo. Vakabva vamupa pfuti yemurwi akafa, muhondo yekutanga musikana akazvimisikidza nepfuti dzakanangwa-zvakanaka. Pazuva rekudzivirirwa kweOdessa, Lyudmila akauraya maGerman ma16 mumaminetsi gumi nemashanu. Gare gare, Pavlichenko akagamuchira pfuti.

Ipapo mauto akadzokera kuSevastopol. Pavlichenko akange aripo kwemwedzi misere, akapinda mukurwa. Pakazara, aive kumberi kwegore rimwe, akakuvara, akavhunduka-gwinha, uyezve akadzidzisa maputi. Muna 1942, Lyudmila akapihwa menduru, uye muna 1943 akapihwa zita rekuti Hero yeSoviet Union.

Muna 1942, Pavlichenko aive muAmerica, kwaakatanga kushamwaridzana naEleanor Roosevelt. Lyudmila akaita hurukuro kuvaAmerican avo "vakahwanda kumashure kwake kwenguva refu." Nguva zhinji Pavlichenko akabvunzwa mubvunzo wekuti akakwanisa sei kuparadza maGerman mazhinji muropa rinotonhora. Lyudmila akataura kuti shamwari yake yakanaka yakafa pamberi pemaziso ake, uye akazadzwa neruvengo rwevaNazi.

Gare gare, Pavlichenko akanyora nhoroondo yehupenyu, kwaakati ruvengo rwakamudzidzisa kupfura nenzira kwayo. Zvaakaona kuhondo zvakashandura pfungwa dzemukadzi mudenga. Mushure mekukunda, Lyudmila akapedza kudzidza, akazova muongorori kumuzinda wemauto, uye akatungamira zviitiko zvehukama. Pavlichenko akafa muna 1974.

Upenyu hwehupenyu

Pazera remakore gumi nemashanu, Lyudmila aive nehukama naAlexei Pavlichenko, uyo aive mukuru kwaari. Lyudmila akazviwana ari pachinzvimbo, vazhinji vaizevezera nezve nhumbu yemwana wechikoro. Ipapo Pavlichenko aisada kunyatso kurangarira nezvazvo. Baba vaLyudmila, avo vakazova NKVD, vakasimbisa vechidiki kusaina. Muna 1932, mukomana wavo Rostislav akaberekwa. Asi muchato wacho wakakurumidza kuitika, Lyudmila akadzokera kumba. Haana kuda kurangarira murume wake wekutanga.

Munguva yehondo, Pavlichenko akasangana naLieutenant Kitsenko. Vakanga vachizoroora, asi murume akafa. Pashure pehondo, murume Lyudmila aiva Konstantin Shevelev. In muchato uyu haana kubereka vana.

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