Truffaut Francois: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Truffaut Francois: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu
Truffaut Francois: Biography, Basa, Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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François Truffaut ndiye director akanaka uye mutambi, mumwe wevamiriri vakajeka ve "new wave" muFrench cinema. Basa raTruffaut rinosiyaniswa nekureruka kwehurongwa, hunyengeri rwiyo uye kugona kukuru kwehunyanzvi hwema cinema. Pakazara, Truffaut akapfura anopfuura makumi maviri mafirimu muhupenyu hwake.

Truffaut Francois: biography, basa, hupenyu hwehupenyu
Truffaut Francois: biography, basa, hupenyu hwehupenyu

Utatu hwaTruffaut uye kujairana neBazin

François Truffaut, akaonekwa muna Kukadzi 1932, aive mwana asiri wepamutemo. Amai vake, munyori wepepanhau "Kufanirwa" Jeanine de Montferrand, akachengeta zita rababa vake vekubereka chakavanzika kwenguva yakareba. Chete semunhu mukuru ndipo François paakadzidza kuti zita rake ainzi Roland Levy uye aive chiremba wemazino kubva kuBayonne (guta riri kumaodzanyemba kwakadziva kumadokero kweFrance).

Muchirimo cha1934, iye Jeanine de Montferrand akaroorwa nemushandi wezvivakwa Bureau Roland Truffaut, akatora mwana wake ndokumupa zita rake rekupedzisira.

François aisada kudzidza kuchikoro. Aigara achidarika makirasi uye nekuzvibata zvisirizvo, izvo zvaakadzingwa kakawanda. Pazera remakore gumi nemana, akasarudza kurega zvachose kudzidza uye akaronga kirabhu yevafirimu mafeni neshamwari, izvo zvakamutendera kusangana nemukurumbira wemufirimu André Bazin. Akakwanisa kuona tarenda chairo muFrançois mudiki uye akamupa basa mumagazini yake yemufirimu Cahiers du Cinema.

Kana jaya aine gumi nemasere, vakaedza kuenda naye muchiuto. Asi François aive nemaonero asina kunaka nezvechiuto, nekudaro akatiza akananga kunzvimbo yekutora vanhu. Mukomana uyu aigona kuve akasungwa nekuda kwekutiza, asi André Bazin akakwanisa kudzikamisa chiitiko ichi uye, semhedzisiro, Truffaut akangoburitswa.

Matanho ekutanga uye kubudirira kwekutanga kwaTruffaut semutungamiriri

Pazera ramakumi maviri nemaviri, François akanyora chinyorwa chake chekutanga ndokupfura iyo pfupi firimu "Kushanya" zvichibva pairi. Zvisinei, chirongwa ichi hachina kumutsa kufarira kukuru pakati pevataridzi nevatsoropodzi.

François akaziva kuti aishaya hunyanzvi hwekuita, saka akawana basa semubatsiri kune anokudzwa mutungamiriri weItaly Roberto Rossellini. Muna 1957 Truffaut akatungamira yake yechipiri pfupi firimu, Chantrap. Yakagamuchirwa nevatsoropodzi zvirinani kupfuura Iyo Kushanya.

Uye kumashure muna 1957, Truffaut akazvisunga muwanano. Akaroora Madeleine Morgenstern, mwanasikana wemukurumbira wemugovera muparidzi. Vaviri ava vakagara vese kwemakore masere, panguva iyi Madeleine akabereka vanasikana vaviri François. Truffaut haana kuzomboroora zvakare, asi paive nerudo rwakawanda nevakadzi vakasiyana (kazhinji kazhinji vatambi) muhupenyu hwake.

Muna 1958, Truffaut, pamwe neshamwari yake Jean-Luc Godard, vakagadzira firimu yemaminetsi gumi nesere "Nhoroondo Yemvura", umo mamwe mafambiro matsva nemaitiro akaedzwa kwenguva yavo.

Kwapera gore, muna 1959, Truffaut akadhirowa (anga atove pasina chero rubatsiro rwemunhu) iyo firimu Makumi mazana Emazana. Iyo inogona kunyatso kunzi autobiographical; inoratidza zvakawanda zveizvo Truffaut pachake akasangana nazvo muhudiki hwake. Uye mutambi mukuru Antoine Doinel anogona kunzi wechipiri "ini" wemutungamiriri. Iri basa rakaunza Truffaut iyo Cannes Film Festival mubairo, Oscar kudomwa uye mukurumbira wepasirese. Nhasi "Kurwiswa Mazana Mazana" inofungidzirwa ingangoita yekutanga firimu ye "French New Wave" - ​​yakakosha nzira muEuropean cinema yemakumi matanhatu.

Basa raTruffaut mushure ma1959

Ipapo Truffaut akaita akati wandei anonakidza matema uye machena mafirimu - "Pfura Pianist", "Jules naJim", "Tender Ganda". Chiitiko chikuru munyika ye cinema yaive yaTruffaut kuchinjisa raRay Bradbury rakakurumbira dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451 (1966). Iri raive rekutanga basa ratenzi wechiFrench, akatorwa pamuvara firimu.

Muna 1968 Truffaut's Akabiwa Makisses akaonekwa mumabhaisikopo. Pano, semufirimu "Makumi mana Anovhuvhuta", mutambi mukuru ndiAntoine Doinel (asi, chokwadika, akura). Truffaut akagadzira kutenderera kwemafirimu, akabatana negamba rimwe chete. Iyi bhaisikopo inosanganisirawo mafirimu "Family Hearth" uye "Runaway Rudo".

Chiitiko chakakosha pabasa raTruffaut semutungamiriri ndiAmerican Night (1973).Iro zita mune ino kesi rinoreva kune anozivikanwa sinema matekiniki ayo anotendera iwe kupfura zviitiko zvehusiku masikati. Iyi firimu inoratidza magamba anodakadza murudo ne cinema uye akagadzirira kuita chero zvibairo nekuda kwayo. American Night yakagamuchirwa zvakanaka kwete muFrance chete, asiwo muAmerica - Truffaut akagamuchira Oscar nekuda kwayo.

Izvo zvakakosha kuti uzive kuti dzimwe nguva Francois akatora chikamu muzvirongwa zvevamwe vatungamiriri senge mutambi. Semuenzaniso, muna 1977 akaridza basa reupurofesa mufirimu inonakidza yaSpielberg "Sangana Kwedare reChitatu Degree".

Dzazvino Truffaut mafirimu uye kudanana naFanny Ardant

Firimu rakabudirira kwazvo raFrançois Truffaut kuFrance bhokisi hofisi ndiyo Yekupedzisira Metro (1980). Pano mutungamiriri anoratidza vateereri imwe yemitambo muParis panguva yehutongi hweNazi. Ose magamba ndevashandi vemitambo avo, munguva inotyisa uye yakaoma yeFrance, vanozviratidza kubva kudivi risingatarisirwe. Pakati pevatambi vakaita nyeredzi mumufirimu ndiCatherine Deneuve naGerard Depardieu.

Truffaut akakoka mudiki Depardieu kumufananidzo wake unotevera - "Muvakidzani". Anonakidza Fanny Ardant akazova mudiwa waDepardieu mune ino firimu. Munguva yekutora mafirimu, rudo rwakamuka pakati paFanny nemutungamiriri anoremekedzwa. Mumakore ekupedzisira ehupenyu hwaTruffaut, aive Ardant aive shamwari yake yakatendeka. Mutori wenhau akatobereka mwana kubva kuna François, kunyangwe hukama hwavo husina kumbobvira hwaitwa. Uye mune yekupedzisira bhaisikopo Truffaut - mune mutikitivha "Kurumidza kuSvondo!" - aive Fanny Ardant airidza chinzvimbo.

Muna 1984, François Truffaut ane makore makumi mashanu nemaviri akabatwa chirwere chekenza yeuropi, uye muna Gumiguru gore rimwe chete akafa nechirwere ichi chinotyisa. Akavigwa kumakuva eMontmartre.

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