Lev Davidovich Trotsky: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

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Lev Davidovich Trotsky: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwehupenyu
Lev Davidovich Trotsky: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

Video: Lev Davidovich Trotsky: Biography, Basa Uye Hupenyu Hwehupenyu

Video: Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary, founder of Red army, documentary, HD1080 2022, Gumiguru
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Kana zvasvika pakutaura nezve munhu akakosha munhoroondo, zvakakosha kuti usapinde munzira yekufunga inodzikisira. Panguva imwecheteyo, zvinomiririra mamiriro ekunze aripo panguva iyoyo mumatunhu akasiyana siyana. Uye pamberi pevatori vechikamu mukukurukurirana, mufananidzo wechokwadi wemunhu akafuridzira maitiro ezviitiko achaumbwa. Lev Davidovich Trotsky - ndiani? Mukwikwidzi? Maximalist? Kana mudhoma akarasikirwa nemhanza? Chekutanga pane zvese, iye munhu mupenyu, uye izvi zvinotsanangura zvakawanda.

Lev Davidovich Trotsky
Lev Davidovich Trotsky

Musungwa anotiza

Makore ehudiki aKomuredhi Trotsky akapedzerwa muUkraine, mumatanho eKherson province. Leiba Bronstein, iye aizotora zita rake rekudana rakakurumbira gare gare, akaberekerwa mumhuri yevaridzi veminda yakakura munaNovember 7, 1879. Vabereki vemwana havana kupedza kudzidza kubva kumayunivhesiti, asi vakakwanisa kwazvo nzvimbo yavo yeminda. Paaiva nemakore gumi, akatumirwa kunowana dzidzo kuOdessa chikoro chaicho, maererano nekota yemhuri dzechiJuda. Nekuda kwedata rake rechisikigo, mune zvese zvidzidzo aingogamuchira mamaki "akanakisa" chete.

Biography wejaya angadai yakatanga zvakasiyana, asi pazera remakore gumi nemana akazoziva dzidziso yaKarl Marx. Mumazuva iwayo, denderedzwa rakafara revafundisi veRussia rakanzwisisa dzidziso dzeumwe muzivi weGerman. Nhasi mumwe anowana fungidziro yekuti hutachiona hunopararira hwatanga kupararira muRussia. Sechikamu chehurwere, Trotsky akagadzira akatungamira South Russian Workers 'Union. Uye semhedzisiro yekushanduka kwechimisikidzo, musiki wechimiro chinokatyamadza anopedzisira ari mutirongo kwemakore maviri, nekutapwa ku Siberia.

Basa raLev Davidovich sehunyanzvi hwekuchinja rakatanga muna 1902, paakatiza kubva mukutapwa. Mukugadzirira shanduko kuenda kunzvimbo isiri pamutemo, pasipoti yake "yakagadziriswa", umo zita rekuti "Trotsky" rakaiswa. Nechirevo ichi, musungwa akapotera akaenderera pasina kunetsekana kuburikidza neRussia yese ndokusvika muLondon. Pano musangano wekutanga wevaviri vanozivikanwa venhoroondo - Lenin naTrotsky - wakaitika. Izvo zvakakosha kuti usimbise kuti, kunyangwe paine kusawirirana pane zviyero zvekuverenga, maonero avo nezano rehondo rekukwikwidzana.

Dhimoni rechimurenga

Yenguva refu-tsika inoratidza kuti rudo nebasa rekushandura zvinoenderana. Kekutanga Leon Trotsky akaroora Alexandra Sokolovskaya, waaiziva kubvira makore gumi nematanhatu. Murume nemukadzi vakaenda vese kuSiberia nhapwa. Pano vakaberekwa vanasikana vaviri - Nina uye Zinaida. Mushure mokupukunyuka kwake, Leon Trotsky, uyo akazvipira zvakazara pakurwira kusunungurwa kwevashandi, akange asina hanya nekurarama kwemhuri yake. Zvakare, muna 1903, achiri muParis, akasangana naNatalia Sedova. Iye akamuberekera vakomana vaviri. Ndiye mukadzi uyu achave ari padhuze neanochinja shanduko mumazuva ekukunda kwake uye mumakore ekudzungaira kwake.

Iko panguva yemazuva ano yezvakaitika kare kuti kumwe kufarira kwehupenyu muhupenyu hwevanhu vane mukurumbira kwakaumbwa. Imwe "nyeredzi" yakauya kumafaro isina bhurukwa, imwe yacho isingazivi yakashambidza mazamu ayo esilicone. Uye vateereri vanoenda mukufadzwa kubva kunhau dzakadai. Leo Davidovich Trotsky ane hunoshamisa chipo mumiririri. Kutaura kwake kwaive kwakasimba uye kuchikurudzira. Vakafuridzirwa nekukumbira kwasachigaro weRVS, varume veRed Army vakaora mwoyo avo vakanga varasikirwa nekutenda musimba ravo vakatendeuka uye pakurwisa kunotyisa vakapwanya zvikamu zvevachena zveWhite Guard.

Uye ndiani angati munhu akadaro haadi rudo rwevakadzi uye tsitsi? Kusvikira zuva ranhasi, pane nhaurirano dzakakomba pamusoro pekuti ndiani Trotsky - wekudanana wechimurenga kana dhimoni rake? Kune avo vari kuverenga iyi mitsara, mhinduro yacho haina basa zvachose. Zvakaringana kunzwisisa kuti uyu munhu wenhoroondo aive munhu mupenyu. Aida mbatatisi, akatambura nechando, "akashanda" nedumbu rake.Kana iye haana kunetseka, haana kumedza misodzi paakagamuchira nhau nezvekufa kwevanakomana vake? Mubvunzo ndewenyaya. Hongu, Trotsky akashanda seVanhu Commissar Yezvekunze Nyaya. Akatungamira iyo Revolutionary Mauto Kanzuru (RMC). Ko zvigaro zvepamusoro zvakamuunzira mufaro here? Nyanzvi yechimurenga yakaurayiwa mukuedza kuuraya muna Nyamavhuvhu 1940.

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